Sunshine to petrol: Solar thermochemical splitting of carbon dioxide and water

James E. Miller, Richard B. Diver, Nathan P. Siegel, Mark D. Allendorf, Ellen B. Stechel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Synthetically producing hydrocarbon fuels from carbon dioxide and water is an attractive option for storing solar energy. Thermochemical approaches to accomplishing this conversion are potentially highly efficient as they avoid the solar-to-electric conversion necessary, for example, to drive electrolysis. We are developing metal oxide-based two-step thermochemical cycles for splitting CO2 and H2O to produce CO and H2, the universal building blocks for synthetic fuels. Concentrating solar power provides a means to the ultra-high temperatures required. Working metal oxides have been fabricated into robust monolithic structures and evaluated in the laboratory and on-sun at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility. We will report on the demonstration of the solar-driven production of H2 and CO over several iron- and cerium-based compositions. Thermodynamic analyses of reactions and processes and progress towards demonstrating the reactions in a unique and continuous solar-driven reactor, the counter-rotating-ring receiver reactor recuperator or CR5 will also be reported.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Chemical Society - 237th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009
Event237th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009 - Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Duration: Mar 22 2009Mar 26 2009

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other237th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City, UT
Period3/22/093/26/09

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Miller, J. E., Diver, R. B., Siegel, N. P., Allendorf, M. D., & Stechel, E. B. (2009). Sunshine to petrol: Solar thermochemical splitting of carbon dioxide and water. In American Chemical Society - 237th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).