1H and 13C NMR observation of the reaction of acetic acid with titanium isopropoxide

Dunbar P Birnie, Norbert J. Bendzko

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55 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen and carbon NMR spectroscopy have been used to investigate the chemical modification process of titanium isopropoxide by acetic acid. The spectra confirm the belief that the titanium isopropoxide exchanges isopropyl groups with modifying acetate groups to form a molecule with approximate stoichiometry Ti(OiPr)2(OAc)2. This stoichiometry results even when enough acetic acid is present in solution to allow for significantly higher isopropyl replacement. In addition, progressive esterification to form isopropyl acetate results in a gradually increasing level of condensation and oxo-bridging between the Ti oligomers. Throughout the condensation process, the remaining Ti-bound acetate and isopropyl groups maintain an approximate 1 : 1 ratio, suggesting that oxo-bridge formation occurs through a transesterification process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

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