Superconductivity and Structural Conversion with Na and K Doping of the Narrow-Gap Semiconductor CsBi4Te6

Haijie Chen, Helmut Claus, Jin Ke Bao, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Duck Young Chung, Wai Kwong Kwok, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The monoclinic narrow-gap (∼0.08 eV) semiconductor CsBi4Te6 is a unique layered system which can be doped to achieve high thermoelectric performance as well as superconductivity. Here, we report superconductivity and structure change induced by alloying CsBi4Te6 single crystals with Na and K. Substitution of Na in CsBi4Te6 with doping levels ≥0.39 and of K with ≥0.63 transforms the original monoclinic structure (p-type) to the orthorhombic RbBi3.67Te6-type structure (n-type). When the K level is ≤0.18, the monoclinic structure type of CsBi4Te6 is retained. Transport and magnetic measurements on all as-synthesized doped single crystals demonstrate type-II, bulk superconductivity. A maximal superconducting transition at 5.07 K, which is the highest temperature in bismuth chalcogenide-based superconductors, was obtained in Cs0.82K0.18Bi4Te6 with a high upper critical field of ∼15 T. These findings suggest superconductivity may be induced by proper doping in narrow-gap semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5293-5304
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume30
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 14 2018

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Superconductivity
Doping (additives)
Semiconductor materials
Single crystals
Bismuth
Magnetic variables measurement
Alloying
Superconducting materials
Substitution reactions
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Superconductivity and Structural Conversion with Na and K Doping of the Narrow-Gap Semiconductor CsBi4Te6 . / Chen, Haijie; Claus, Helmut; Bao, Jin Ke; Stoumpos, Constantinos C.; Chung, Duck Young; Kwok, Wai Kwong; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 30, No. 15, 14.08.2018, p. 5293-5304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Haijie ; Claus, Helmut ; Bao, Jin Ke ; Stoumpos, Constantinos C. ; Chung, Duck Young ; Kwok, Wai Kwong ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Superconductivity and Structural Conversion with Na and K Doping of the Narrow-Gap Semiconductor CsBi4Te6 In: Chemistry of Materials. 2018 ; Vol. 30, No. 15. pp. 5293-5304.
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