Superconductivity in the intermetallic pnictide compound Ca 11 Bi 10-x

Mihai Sturza, Fei Han, Christos D. Malliakas, Duck Young Chung, Helmut Claus, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

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Abstract

The pnictide phase Ca11Bi10-x shows bulk superconductivity around 2.2 K in temperature-dependent resistivity and magnetic susceptibility data. The compound is a p-type metal with low carrier density of 6.5 × 1018 cm-3. Ca11Bi10-x(x=0.12) was synthesized by the reaction of Ca metal with excess Bi and crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I4/mmm with a = 12.2842(6) Å and c = 17.866(4) Å. The structure of Ca11Bi10 contains three discrete units: isolated Bi atoms, dumbbells, and square planar rings of Bi surrounded by Ca atoms. Vacancies were found in the isolated Bi(1) atoms and square planar Bi4 units of the structure. The Ca11Bi10 system is the first member found to exhibit superconductivity among the intermetallic class M11X10 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba; X = Bi, Sb), suggesting that a broader family of Bi or Sb containing superconductors may exist. Electronic structure density functional theory calculations confirm the metallic nature of the compound with several steep Bi p-orbital bands crossing the Fermi level as well as a single flat band reaching the Fermi level upon the introduction of Bi vacancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054512
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 19 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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