Supported Au catalysts are very active for low temperature CO oxidation. However, the reported activity from different laboratories for apparently similar catalysts can differ quite substantially. Recent progress in resolving this difficulty is summarized. Residual chloride in the sample is a very effective poison of the active site. The effect of water vapor on the catalytic activity differs depending on the support and the residual chloride content. A model of the active site, which consists of an ensemble of metallic Au atoms and Au cations with hydroxyl ligands, the reaction mechanism for CO oxidation, and the mechanism for deactivation during reaction as well as regeneration are discussed with respect to the available data.
- Active site
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology