Suppression of β-hydride chain transfer in nickel(II)-catalyzed ethylene polymerization via weak fluorocarbon ligand-product interactions

Michael P. Weberski, Changle Chen, Massimiliano Delferro, Cristiano Zuccaccia, Alceo MacChioni, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of two neutrally charged Ni(II) ethylene polymerization catalysts, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-dimethylphenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CH 3)FI-Ni) and [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CF 3)FI-Ni) are reported. In the presence of a Ni(COD) 2 cocatalyst, these catalysts produce markedly different polyethylenes: densely branched oligomers with M w = 1.4 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CH 3)FI-Ni vs lightly branched polyethylenes with M w = 92 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CF 3)FI-Ni and with ∼6.5× the polymerization activity and with much greater performance thermal stability. HOESY 2D 19F, 1H NMR spectra of a model Ni-ethyl compound, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6- (3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) ethyl 2,4-lutidine ((CF 3)FI-Ni-Et), indicate non-negligible C β-H β•••F 3C through-space dipolar interactions, and molecular modeling reveals that C β-H β•••F(C) distances can be as small as ∼2.61 Å during the polymerization process. Furthermore, there is no structural or spectroscopic evidence for fluorocarbon inductive effects on the structure, bonding, and reactivity of these complexes, and a catalyst with CF 3 introduced β to the imino N produces only low-M w oligomers with low activity. These results argue that weak (ligand)C-F•••H-C(polymer) interactions can significantly influence the chain transfer characteristics of these catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3773-3789
Number of pages17
JournalOrganometallics
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2012

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Fluorocarbons
fluorocarbons
Nickel
Hydrides
hydrides
Polyethylenes
ethylene
polymerization
Polymerization
retarding
nickel
Ligands
catalysts
ligands
Catalysts
products
oligomers
Oligomers
polyethylenes
ethyl compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Suppression of β-hydride chain transfer in nickel(II)-catalyzed ethylene polymerization via weak fluorocarbon ligand-product interactions. / Weberski, Michael P.; Chen, Changle; Delferro, Massimiliano; Zuccaccia, Cristiano; MacChioni, Alceo; Marks, Tobin J.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 31, No. 9, 14.05.2012, p. 3773-3789.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weberski, Michael P. ; Chen, Changle ; Delferro, Massimiliano ; Zuccaccia, Cristiano ; MacChioni, Alceo ; Marks, Tobin J. / Suppression of β-hydride chain transfer in nickel(II)-catalyzed ethylene polymerization via weak fluorocarbon ligand-product interactions. In: Organometallics. 2012 ; Vol. 31, No. 9. pp. 3773-3789.
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abstract = "The synthesis and characterization of two neutrally charged Ni(II) ethylene polymerization catalysts, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-dimethylphenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CH 3)FI-Ni) and [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CF 3)FI-Ni) are reported. In the presence of a Ni(COD) 2 cocatalyst, these catalysts produce markedly different polyethylenes: densely branched oligomers with M w = 1.4 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CH 3)FI-Ni vs lightly branched polyethylenes with M w = 92 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CF 3)FI-Ni and with ∼6.5× the polymerization activity and with much greater performance thermal stability. HOESY 2D 19F, 1H NMR spectra of a model Ni-ethyl compound, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6- (3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) ethyl 2,4-lutidine ((CF 3)FI-Ni-Et), indicate non-negligible C β-H β•••F 3C through-space dipolar interactions, and molecular modeling reveals that C β-H β•••F(C) distances can be as small as ∼2.61 {\AA} during the polymerization process. Furthermore, there is no structural or spectroscopic evidence for fluorocarbon inductive effects on the structure, bonding, and reactivity of these complexes, and a catalyst with CF 3 introduced β to the imino N produces only low-M w oligomers with low activity. These results argue that weak (ligand)C-F•••H-C(polymer) interactions can significantly influence the chain transfer characteristics of these catalysts.",
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T1 - Suppression of β-hydride chain transfer in nickel(II)-catalyzed ethylene polymerization via weak fluorocarbon ligand-product interactions

AU - Weberski, Michael P.

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AU - Zuccaccia, Cristiano

AU - MacChioni, Alceo

AU - Marks, Tobin J

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AB - The synthesis and characterization of two neutrally charged Ni(II) ethylene polymerization catalysts, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-dimethylphenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CH 3)FI-Ni) and [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CF 3)FI-Ni) are reported. In the presence of a Ni(COD) 2 cocatalyst, these catalysts produce markedly different polyethylenes: densely branched oligomers with M w = 1.4 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CH 3)FI-Ni vs lightly branched polyethylenes with M w = 92 × 10 3 g mol -1 for (CF 3)FI-Ni and with ∼6.5× the polymerization activity and with much greater performance thermal stability. HOESY 2D 19F, 1H NMR spectra of a model Ni-ethyl compound, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6- (3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) ethyl 2,4-lutidine ((CF 3)FI-Ni-Et), indicate non-negligible C β-H β•••F 3C through-space dipolar interactions, and molecular modeling reveals that C β-H β•••F(C) distances can be as small as ∼2.61 Å during the polymerization process. Furthermore, there is no structural or spectroscopic evidence for fluorocarbon inductive effects on the structure, bonding, and reactivity of these complexes, and a catalyst with CF 3 introduced β to the imino N produces only low-M w oligomers with low activity. These results argue that weak (ligand)C-F•••H-C(polymer) interactions can significantly influence the chain transfer characteristics of these catalysts.

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