Synthesis and characterization of bifunctional surfaces with tunable functional group pairs

John M. Galloway, Mayfair Kung, Harold H Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grafting of pairs of functional groups onto a silica surface was demonstrated by tethering both terminals of an organochlorosilane precursor molecule, Cl2(CH3)Si(CH2)4(CO)(OSi(i-Pr)2)(CH2)2Si(CH3)Cl2, that possess a cleavable silyl ester bond, onto a silica surface. Hydrolytic cleavage of the silyl ester bond of the grafted molecule resulted in the generation of organized pairs of carboxylic acid and organosilanol groups. This organosilanol moiety was easily transformed into other functional groups through condensation reactions to form, together with the neighboring acid group, pairs such as carboxylic acid/secondary amine, carboxylic acid/pyridine, and carboxylic acid/phosphine. In the case of carboxylic acid/amine pairing, there was evidence of the formation of amide. A sample grafted with amine-carboxylic acid pairs was three times more active (per free amine) than a sample without such pairs for the nitroaldol condensation of 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and nitromethane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalSurface Science
Volume648
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

Fingerprint

Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids
carboxylic acids
Functional groups
Amines
amines
synthesis
4-nitrobenzaldehyde
phosphine
Silicon Dioxide
esters
Esters
condensation
Silica
tethering
silicon dioxide
nitromethane
Molecules
Condensation reactions
Carbon Monoxide

Keywords

  • Acyloxysilane
  • Bifunctional surface
  • Cooperative effect
  • Paired bifunctional groups
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Synthesis and characterization of bifunctional surfaces with tunable functional group pairs. / Galloway, John M.; Kung, Mayfair; Kung, Harold H.

In: Surface Science, Vol. 648, 01.06.2016, p. 284-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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