Synthesis and characterization of silicon nanorod arrays for solar cell applications

Brendan M. Kayes, Joshua M. Spurgeon, Thomas C. Sadler, Nathan S. Lewis, Harry A. Atwater

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon nanorods have been grown by chemical vapor deposition of silane, using both gold and indium as catalysts for the vapor liquid solid (VLS) process. Conditions for optimal rod morphology for each catalyst were identified by varying silane partial pressure and temperature in the range P = 0.05-1 Torr and T = 300-600 C, respectively. In most cases, catalyst particles were formed by partial de-wetting of evaporated films of the catalytic material to form droplets with diameters of tens to hundreds of nanometers. Also, periodic arrays of catalyst particles with controlled size and spacing were achieved both by the use of porous alumina membranes and also by electron-beam lithography. Using these techniques, silicon nanorods were grown with diameters of 100 nm to microns and lengths of microns to tens of microns. Four-point and gate-bias-dependent resistance measurements were made on single wires, and these indicate that rods we have grown with gold catalysts and phosphine doping have metal-like conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Record of the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages221-224
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)1424400163, 9781424400164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2006
Event2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4 - Waikoloa, HI, United States
Duration: May 7 2006May 12 2006

Publication series

NameConference Record of the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4
Volume1

Other

Other2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4
CountryUnited States
CityWaikoloa, HI
Period5/7/065/12/06

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Kayes, B. M., Spurgeon, J. M., Sadler, T. C., Lewis, N. S., & Atwater, H. A. (2006). Synthesis and characterization of silicon nanorod arrays for solar cell applications. In Conference Record of the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4 (pp. 221-224). [4059602] (Conference Record of the 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC-4; Vol. 1). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/WCPEC.2006.279422