Synthesis and electrochemical studies of cobalt(III) monohydride complexes containing pendant amines

Eric S. Wiedner, John A.S. Roberts, William G. Dougherty, W. Scott Kassel, Daniel L. Dubois, R. Morris Bullock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two new tetraphosphine ligands, P nC-PPh2 2N Ph2 (1,5-diphenyl-3,7-bis((diphenylphosphino)alkyl)-1,5- diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane; alkyl = (CH2)2, n = 2 (L2); (CH2)3, n = 3 (L3)), have been synthesized. Coordination of these ligands to cobalt affords the complexes [Co II(L2)(CH3CN)]2+ and [CoII(L3) (CH3CN)]2+, which are reduced by KC8 to afford [CoI(L2)(CH3CN)]+ and [CoI(L3) (CH3CN)]+. Protonation of the CoI complexes affords [HCoIII(L2)(CH3CN)]2+ and [HCo III(L3)(CH3CN)]2+. The cyclic voltammetry of [HCoIII(L2)(CH3CN)]2+, analyzed using digital simulation, is consistent with an ErCrEr reduction mechanism involving reversible acetonitrile dissociation from [HCoII(L2)(CH3CN)]+ and resulting in formation of HCoI(L2). Reduction of HCoIII also results in cleavage of the H-Co bond from HCoII or HCoI, leading to formation of the CoI complex [CoI(L2)(CH3CN)] +. Under voltammetric conditions, the reduced cobalt hydride reacts with a protic solvent impurity to generate H2 in a monometallic process involving two electrons per cobalt. In contrast, under bulk electrolysis conditions, H2 formation requires only one reducing equivalent per [HCoIII(L2)(CH3CN)]2+, indicating a bimetallic route wherein two cobalt hydride complexes react to form 2 equiv of [Co I(L2)(CH3CN)]+ and 1 equiv of H2. These results indicate that both HCoII and HCoI can be formed under electrocatalytic conditions and should be considered as potential catalytic intermediates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9975-9988
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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