Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors: LnSr2Cu2GaO7

J. T. Vaughey, J. P. Thiel, E. F. Hasty, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, Charlotte L. Stern, K. R. Poeppelmeier, B. Dabrowski, D. G. Hinks, A. W. Mitchell

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Abstract

The synthesis of layered cuprates with nonmagnetic and fixed oxidation state cations separating the Cu-O planes has, until now, led to nonsuperconducting materials. A new series of layered copper oxides with the general formula LnSr2Cu2GaO7 (Ln = La-Yb, Y) has been synthesized. The structure has been studied by both powder neutron diffraction and single-crystal X-ray analysis. The typical unit cell is a ≈ 22.8 Å, b ≈ 5.5 Å, c ≈ 5.4 Å, in space group Ima2 (No. 46). The structure is closely related to that of YBa2Cu3O7 and can be described as replacement of the square-planar copper with a tetrahedral gallium. The larger lanthanides are distributed unevenly over the two A-cation sites, whereas the smaller lanthanides occupy the site between the cuprate planes. We have been able to introduce superconductivity in the Y-Sr-Cu-Ga-O system by appropriate doping with calcium and annealing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-940
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume3
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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Lanthanoid Series Elements
Rare earth elements
Cations
Positive ions
Gallium
Neutron powder diffraction
Copper oxides
X ray analysis
Superconductivity
Copper
Calcium
Doping (additives)
Single crystals
Annealing
Oxidation
Cuprate superconductors
barium copper yttrium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Vaughey, J. T., Thiel, J. P., Hasty, E. F., Poeppelmeier, K. R., Stern, C. L., Poeppelmeier, K. R., ... Mitchell, A. W. (1991). Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors: LnSr2Cu2GaO7. Chemistry of Materials, 3(5), 935-940.

Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors : LnSr2Cu2GaO7. / Vaughey, J. T.; Thiel, J. P.; Hasty, E. F.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Stern, Charlotte L.; Poeppelmeier, K. R.; Dabrowski, B.; Hinks, D. G.; Mitchell, A. W.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 3, No. 5, 1991, p. 935-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vaughey, JT, Thiel, JP, Hasty, EF, Poeppelmeier, KR, Stern, CL, Poeppelmeier, KR, Dabrowski, B, Hinks, DG & Mitchell, AW 1991, 'Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors: LnSr2Cu2GaO7', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 935-940.
Vaughey JT, Thiel JP, Hasty EF, Poeppelmeier KR, Stern CL, Poeppelmeier KR et al. Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors: LnSr2Cu2GaO7. Chemistry of Materials. 1991;3(5):935-940.
Vaughey, J. T. ; Thiel, J. P. ; Hasty, E. F. ; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R ; Stern, Charlotte L. ; Poeppelmeier, K. R. ; Dabrowski, B. ; Hinks, D. G. ; Mitchell, A. W. / Synthesis and structure of a new family of cuprate superconductors : LnSr2Cu2GaO7. In: Chemistry of Materials. 1991 ; Vol. 3, No. 5. pp. 935-940.
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AB - The synthesis of layered cuprates with nonmagnetic and fixed oxidation state cations separating the Cu-O planes has, until now, led to nonsuperconducting materials. A new series of layered copper oxides with the general formula LnSr2Cu2GaO7 (Ln = La-Yb, Y) has been synthesized. The structure has been studied by both powder neutron diffraction and single-crystal X-ray analysis. The typical unit cell is a ≈ 22.8 Å, b ≈ 5.5 Å, c ≈ 5.4 Å, in space group Ima2 (No. 46). The structure is closely related to that of YBa2Cu3O7 and can be described as replacement of the square-planar copper with a tetrahedral gallium. The larger lanthanides are distributed unevenly over the two A-cation sites, whereas the smaller lanthanides occupy the site between the cuprate planes. We have been able to introduce superconductivity in the Y-Sr-Cu-Ga-O system by appropriate doping with calcium and annealing.

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