Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Ethynyl- and Propynyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces

Noah T. Plymale, Youn Geun Kim, Manuel P. Soriaga, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Nathan S Lewis

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Abstract

Ethynyl- and propynyl-terminated Si(111) surfaces synthesized using a two-step halogenation/alkylation method have been characterized by transmission infrared spectroscopy (TIRS), high-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy (HREELS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), atomic-force microscopy (AFM), electrochemical scanning-tunneling microscopy (EC-STM) and measurements of surface recombination velocities (S). For the ethynyl-terminated Si(111) surface, TIRS revealed signals corresponding to ethynyl ≡C-H and C≡C stretching oriented perpendicular to the surface, HREELS revealed a Si-C stretching signal, and XPS data showed the presence of C bound to Si with a fractional monolayer (ML) coverage (Φ) of ΦSi-CCH = 0.63 ± 0.08 ML. The ethynyl-terminated surfaces were also partially terminated by Si-OH groups (ΦSi-OH = 0.35 ± 0.03 ML) with limited formation of Si3+ and Si4+ oxides. For the propynyl-terminated Si(111) surface, TIRS revealed the presence of a (C-H)CH3 symmetric bending, or "umbrella," peak oriented perpendicular to the surface, while HREELS revealed signals corresponding to Si-C and C≡C stretching, and XPS showed C bound to Si with ΦSi-CCCH3 = 1.05 ± 0.06 ML. The LEED patterns were consistent with a (1 × 1) surface unit cell for both surfaces, but room-temperature EC-STM indicated that the surfaces did not exhibit long-range ordering. HCC-Si(111) and CH3CC-Si(111) surfaces yielded S values of (3.5 ± 0.1) × 103 and (5 ± 1) × 102 cm s-1, respectively, after 581 h exposure to air. These observations are consistent with the covalent binding of ethynyl and propynyl groups, respectively, to the Si(111) surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19847-19862
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume119
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 27 2015

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reactivity
synthesis
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
Monolayers
Stretching
Infrared spectroscopy
energy dissipation
infrared spectroscopy
photoelectron spectroscopy
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Low energy electron diffraction
electron energy
Scanning tunneling microscopy
scanning tunneling microscopy
high resolution
electron diffraction
halogenation
spectroscopy
Halogenation
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Ethynyl- and Propynyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces. / Plymale, Noah T.; Kim, Youn Geun; Soriaga, Manuel P.; Brunschwig, Bruce S.; Lewis, Nathan S.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, No. 34, 27.08.2015, p. 19847-19862.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Plymale, Noah T. ; Kim, Youn Geun ; Soriaga, Manuel P. ; Brunschwig, Bruce S. ; Lewis, Nathan S. / Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Ethynyl- and Propynyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2015 ; Vol. 119, No. 34. pp. 19847-19862.
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