Synthesis, structural characterization, and electronic properties of the Ph4P+ salts of the mixed terminal ligand cubanes Fe4S4(Et2Dtc)n(X)4-n 2- (X = Cl-, PhS-) (n = 1, 2). Two different modes of ligation on the [Fe4S4]2+ core

Mercouri G Kanatzidis, D. Coucouvanis, A. Simopoulos, A. Kostikas, V. Papaefthymiou

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Abstract

Mixed terminal ligand iron-sulfur clusters of the type [Ph4P]2Fe4S4(X) 4-n(Et2NCSS)n (X = SPh, Cl, n = 2 and X = Cl, n = 1) have been synthesized in good yields by the reaction of [Ph4P]2Fe4S4(L)2(X) 2 (L = SPh, Cl and X = Cl) with 2 equiv of Et2NCSSNa·3H2O and [Ph4P]2Fe4S4Cl4 with 1 equiv of Et2NCSSNa·3H2O, respectively. The synthesis and crystal structures of [Ph4P]2Fe4S4(Cl)2(Et 2NCSS)2 [X = SPh (I), Cl (II), and [Ph4P]2Fe4S4Cl3(Et 2NCSS) (III)] are described in detail. Complexes I and II crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with cell constants a = 17.486 (3) Å, b = 18.240 (3) Å, c = 24.198 (3) Å, and β = 109.73 (1)° and a = 20.409 (6) Å, b = 13.873 (3) Å, c = 25.739 (9) Å, and β = 118.94 (2)°, respectively. Complex III crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with cell constants a = 15.836 (2) Å, b = 17.803 (2) Å, c = 22.496 (3) Å, and β = 101.44 (1)°. In the structures of I and II the non-hydrogen atoms were refined anisotropically and hydrogen atoms were included in the structure factor calculation but not refined. In the structure of III the carbon atoms were refined isotropically while all other non-hydrogen atoms were assigned anisotropic temperature factors. The hydrogen atoms were treated as in I and II. Refinement by full-matrix least squares of 661 parameters on 3226 data for I, 343 parameters on 1919 data for II, and 402 parameters on 5038 data for III gave final R values 0.079, 0.056, and 0.051, respectively. The anions in I and II are located on crystallographic 2-fold axes. The mean Fe-S* bond lengths in I, II, and III are 2.291, 2.307, and 2.317 Å, respectively. The Fe4S4 units in I-III contain two structurally distinct iron sites. One of the sites has tetrahedrally coordinated iron atoms with PhS- and Cl- terminal ligands. The second site is rather uncommon and shows the iron atoms coordinated by the Et2NCSS ligands in a bidentate fashion. The Fe-Fe distances are longer for the iron atoms associated with the chelating Et2NCSS- ligands (3.053 (3) Å for I, 3.045 (4) Å for II, and 2.936 (2) Å for III). The Fe-SPh bond in I is 2.281 (4) Å. The Fe-Cl bonds in II and III are found at 2.249 (4) and 2.231 (2) Å, respectively. The Et2NCSS- ligand coordination in I and II is asymmetric with unequal Fe-S(Dt) distances of 2.552 (4) Å and 2.436 (4) and 2.578 (4) and 2.421 (4) Å, respectively. In contrast the corresponding distances in III are 2.478 (2) and 2.469 (2) Å. The electronic 1H NMR and solution magnetic studies are reported. Zero-field Mössbauer spectra of I-III show two well-resolved quadrupole doublets. At 77 K, IS1 = 0.47, ΔEQ1, = 1.06, IS2 = 0.64, and ΔEQ2 = 1.84 mm/s for I, IS1 = 0.53, ΔEQ1 = 1.06, IS2 = 0.62, ΔEQ2 = 1.85 mm/s for II, and IS1 = 0.51, ΔEQ1 = 1.07, IS2 = 0.64, and ΔEQ2 = 2.13 mm/s for III. Cyclic voltammetric studies for I-III and double-potential step chronoamperometry for I are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4925-4935
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume107
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1985

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