Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots

Kaifeng Wu, Hongbo Li, Victor I Klimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) can serve as large-area sunlight collectors for terrestrial and space-based photovoltaics. Due to their high emission efficiencies and readily tunable emission and absorption spectra, colloidal quantum dots have emerged as a new and promising type of LSC fluorophore. Spectral tunability of the quantum dots also facilitates the realization of stacked multilayered LSCs, where enhanced performance is obtained through spectral splitting of incident sunlight, as in multijunction photovoltaics. Here, we demonstrate a large-area (>230 cm2) tandem LSC based on two types of nearly reabsorption-free quantum dots spectrally tuned for optimal solar-spectrum splitting. This prototype device exhibits a high optical quantum efficiency of 6.4% for sunlight illumination and solar-to-electrical power conversion efficiency of 3.1%. The efficiency gains due to the tandem architecture over single-layer devices quickly increase with increasing LSC size and can reach more than 100% in structures with window sizes of more than 2,500 cm2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalNature Photonics
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

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Solar concentrators
concentrators
Semiconductor quantum dots
quantum dots
sunlight
solar spectra
Fluorophores
Quantum efficiency
accumulators
Conversion efficiency
quantum efficiency
Absorption spectra
emission spectra
Lighting
illumination
prototypes
absorption spectra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots. / Wu, Kaifeng; Li, Hongbo; Klimov, Victor I.

In: Nature Photonics, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 105-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Kaifeng ; Li, Hongbo ; Klimov, Victor I. / Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots. In: Nature Photonics. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 105-110.
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