As a key component in perovskite solar cells (PVSCs), hole-transporting materials (HTMs) have been extensively explored and studied. Aiming to meet the requirements for future commercialization of PVSCs, HTMs which can enable excellent device performance with low cost and eco-friendly processability are urgently needed but rarely reported. In this work, a traditional anchoring group (2-cyanoacrylic acid) widely used in molecules for dye-sensitized solar cells is incorporated into donor−acceptor-type HTMs to afford MPA-BT-CA, which enables effective regulation of the frontier molecular orbital energy levels, interfacial modification of an ITO electrode, efficient defect passivation toward the perovskite layer, and more importantly alcohol solubility. Consequently, inverted PVSCs with this low-cost HTM exhibit excellent device performance with a remarkable power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.24% and good long-term stability in ambient conditions. More encouragingly, when processing MPA-BT-CA films with the green solvent ethanol, the corresponding PVSCs also deliver a substantial PCE as high as 20.52% with negligible hysteresis. Such molecular design of anchoring group-based materials represents great progress for developing efficient HTMs which combine the advantages of low cost, eco-friendly processability, and high performance. We believe that such design strategy will pave a new path for the exploration of highly efficient HTMs applicable to commercialization of PVSCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry