Temperature and Magnetic-Field Dependence of Radiative Decay in Colloidal Germanium Quantum Dots

István Robel, Andrew Shabaev, Doh C. Lee, Richard D Schaller, Jeffrey M. Pietryga, Scott A. Crooker, Alexander L. Efros, Victor I Klimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(Figured Presented). We conduct spectroscopic and theoretical studies of photoluminescence (PL) from Ge quantum dots (QDs) fabricated via colloidal synthesis. The dynamics of late-time PL exhibit a pronounced dependence on temperature and applied magnetic field, which can be explained by radiative decay involving two closely spaced, slowly emitting exciton states. In 3.5 nm QDs, these states are separated by ∼1 meV and are characterized by ∼82 μs and ∼18 μs lifetimes. By using a four-band formalism, we calculate the fine structure of the indirect band-edge exciton arising from the electron-hole exchange interaction and the Coulomb interaction of the Γ-point hole with the anisotropic charge density of the L-point electron. The calculations suggest that the observed PL dynamics can be explained by phonon-assisted recombination of excitons thermally distributed between the lower-energy "dark" state with the momentum projection J = ± 2 and a higher energy "bright" state with J = ± 1. A fairly small difference between lifetimes of these states is due to their mixing induced by the exchange term unique to crystals with a highly symmetric cubic lattice such as Ge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2685-2692
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2015

Fingerprint

Germanium
Excitons
Semiconductor quantum dots
germanium
Photoluminescence
Temperature distribution
temperature distribution
quantum dots
excitons
Magnetic fields
photoluminescence
decay
magnetic fields
life (durability)
Electrons
Exchange interactions
cubic lattices
Coulomb interactions
Charge density
dark energy

Keywords

  • dark and bright exciton
  • electron-hole exchange interaction
  • Germanium
  • magnetic field
  • nanocrystal
  • photoluminescence
  • quantum dot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Temperature and Magnetic-Field Dependence of Radiative Decay in Colloidal Germanium Quantum Dots. / Robel, István; Shabaev, Andrew; Lee, Doh C.; Schaller, Richard D; Pietryga, Jeffrey M.; Crooker, Scott A.; L. Efros, Alexander; Klimov, Victor I.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 15, No. 4, 08.04.2015, p. 2685-2692.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Robel, István ; Shabaev, Andrew ; Lee, Doh C. ; Schaller, Richard D ; Pietryga, Jeffrey M. ; Crooker, Scott A. ; L. Efros, Alexander ; Klimov, Victor I. / Temperature and Magnetic-Field Dependence of Radiative Decay in Colloidal Germanium Quantum Dots. In: Nano Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 2685-2692.
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