Temperature-controlled surface plasmon resonance in VO2 nanorods

Rene Lopez, T. E. Haynes, L. A. Boatner, L. C. Feldman, R. F. Haglund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


The optical properties of VO2 nanoparticles formed in an amorphous SiO2 host by stoichiometric ion implantation of vanadium and oxygen and thermal annealing have been determined and correlated with the particle size and morphology. The results show that that the temperature-controlled semiconductor-to-metal phase transition of the VO2 nanophase precipitates turns on the classical surface plasmon resonance, with specific features that depend on the size and aspect ratio of the VO2 particles. This effect improves the optical contrast between the metallic and semiconducting states in the near-IR region of the spectrum as a result of dielectric confinement that is due to the SiO2 host. A fiber-optic application is demonstrated, as is the ability to control the characteristics of the phase transition by using ion implantation to dope the VO2 nanoparticles with tungsten or titanium ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1327-1329
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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