Temperature dependence of the lowest excited singlet-state lifetime of all-trans-β-carotene and fully deuterated all-trans-β-carotene

Michael R Wasielewski, Douglas G. Johnson, Eric G. Bradford, Lowell D. Kispert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 4 ps, 450 nm laser pulse was used to electronically excite all-trans-β-carotene and all-trans-β-carotene-d56 in 3-methylpentane. The transient absorption spectra of these molecules were measured as a function of temperature down to 20 K. In all cases the 400-500 nm electronic absorption band of each carotene bleaches and a new absorption band near 560 nm appears immediately upon excitation. These bands recover with single exponential kinetics: τ = 8.1 ± 0.5 ps for all-trans-β- carotene, and τ = 10.5 ± 0.6 ps for all-trans-β-carotene-d 56 at 294 K. These recovery times increase by about a factor of 2 in glassy 3-methylpentane, and are nearly independent of temperature from 100 to 20 K. The weak dependencies of the lowest excited single-state lifetime of all-trans-β-carotene on deuteration and temperature are discussed in terms of nonradiative decay mechanisms within carotenoids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6691-6697
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume91
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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carotene
Carotenoids
Excited states
life (durability)
temperature dependence
excitation
Absorption spectra
absorption spectra
Temperature
carotenoids
temperature
recovery
Laser pulses
Recovery
kinetics
decay
Molecules
Kinetics
pulses
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Temperature dependence of the lowest excited singlet-state lifetime of all-trans-β-carotene and fully deuterated all-trans-β-carotene. / Wasielewski, Michael R; Johnson, Douglas G.; Bradford, Eric G.; Kispert, Lowell D.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 91, No. 11, 1989, p. 6691-6697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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