Template-directed assembly of metal-chalcogenide nanocrystals into ordered mesoporous networks

Ioannis Vamvasakis, Kota S. Subrahmanyam, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Gerasimos S. Armatas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although great progress in the synthesis of porous networks of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles with highly accessible pore surface and ordered mesoscale pores has been achieved, synthesis of assembled 3D mesostructures of metal-chalcogenide nanocrystals is still challenging. In this work we demonstrate that ordered mesoporous networks, which comprise well-defined interconnected metal sulfide nanocrystals, can be prepared through a polymer-templated oxidative polymerization process. The resulting self-assembled mesostructures that were obtained after solvent extraction of the polymer template impart the unique combination of light-emitting metal chalcogenide nanocrystals, three-dimensional open-pore structure, high surface area, and uniform pores. We show that the pore surface of these materials is active and accessible to incoming molecules, exhibiting high photocatalytic activity and stability, for instance, in oxidation of 1-phenylethanol into acetophenone. We demonstrate through appropriate selection of the synthetic components that this method is general to prepare ordered mesoporous materials from metal chalcogenide nanocrystals with various sizes and compositions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4419-4426
Number of pages8
JournalACS nano
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2015

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Keywords

  • mesoporous semiconductors
  • metal chalcogenides
  • nanoparticles
  • self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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