The effects of clathrin inactivation on localization of Kex2 protease are independent of the TGN localization signal in the cytosolic tail of Kex2p

Kevin Edward Redding, Mary Seeger, Gregory S. Payne, Robert S. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Localization of Kex2 protease (Kex2p) to the yeast trans-Golgi network (TGN) requires a TGN localization signal (TLS) in the Kex2p C-terminal cytosolic tail. Mutation of the TLS accelerates transport of Kex2p to the vacuole by an intracellular (SEC1-independent) pathway. In contrast, inactivation of the clathrin heavy-chain gene CHC1 results in transport of Kex2p and other Golgi membrane proteins to the cell surface. Here, the relationship of the two localization defects was assessed by examining the effects of a temperature-sensitive CHC1 allele on trafficking of wild-type (WT) and TLS mutant forms of Kex2p. Inactivation of clathrin by shifting chc1-ts cells to 37°C caused WT and TLS mutant forms of Kex2p to behave identically. All forms of Kex2p appeared at the plasma membrane within 30-60 min of the temperature shift. TLS mutant forms of Kex2p were stabilized, their half-lives increasing to that of wild-type Kex2p. After inactivation of clathrin heavy chain, vacuolar protease-dependent degradation of all forms of Kex2p was blocked by a sec1 mutation, which is required for secretory vesicle fusion to the plasma membrane, indicating that transport to the cell surface was required for degradation by vacuolar proteolysis. Finally, after clathrin inactivation, all forms of Kex2p were degraded in part by a vacuolar protease-independent pathway. After inactivation of both chc1-ts and sec1- ts, Kex2 was degraded exclusively by this pathway. We conclude that the effects of clathrin inactivation on Kex2p localization are independent of the Kex2p C-terminal cytosolic tail. Although these results neither prove nor rule out a direct interaction between the Kex2 TLS and a clathrin-dependent structure, they do imply that clathrin is required for the intracellular transport of Kex2p TLS mutants to the vacuole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1667-1677
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996

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trans-Golgi Network
Clathrin
Peptide Hydrolases
Clathrin Heavy Chains
Vacuoles
Membrane Proteins
Cell Membrane
Mutation
Temperature
Secretory Vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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The effects of clathrin inactivation on localization of Kex2 protease are independent of the TGN localization signal in the cytosolic tail of Kex2p. / Redding, Kevin Edward; Seeger, Mary; Payne, Gregory S.; Fuller, Robert S.

In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, Vol. 7, No. 11, 11.1996, p. 1667-1677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Localization of Kex2 protease (Kex2p) to the yeast trans-Golgi network (TGN) requires a TGN localization signal (TLS) in the Kex2p C-terminal cytosolic tail. Mutation of the TLS accelerates transport of Kex2p to the vacuole by an intracellular (SEC1-independent) pathway. In contrast, inactivation of the clathrin heavy-chain gene CHC1 results in transport of Kex2p and other Golgi membrane proteins to the cell surface. Here, the relationship of the two localization defects was assessed by examining the effects of a temperature-sensitive CHC1 allele on trafficking of wild-type (WT) and TLS mutant forms of Kex2p. Inactivation of clathrin by shifting chc1-ts cells to 37°C caused WT and TLS mutant forms of Kex2p to behave identically. All forms of Kex2p appeared at the plasma membrane within 30-60 min of the temperature shift. TLS mutant forms of Kex2p were stabilized, their half-lives increasing to that of wild-type Kex2p. After inactivation of clathrin heavy chain, vacuolar protease-dependent degradation of all forms of Kex2p was blocked by a sec1 mutation, which is required for secretory vesicle fusion to the plasma membrane, indicating that transport to the cell surface was required for degradation by vacuolar proteolysis. Finally, after clathrin inactivation, all forms of Kex2p were degraded in part by a vacuolar protease-independent pathway. After inactivation of both chc1-ts and sec1- ts, Kex2 was degraded exclusively by this pathway. We conclude that the effects of clathrin inactivation on Kex2p localization are independent of the Kex2p C-terminal cytosolic tail. Although these results neither prove nor rule out a direct interaction between the Kex2 TLS and a clathrin-dependent structure, they do imply that clathrin is required for the intracellular transport of Kex2p TLS mutants to the vacuole.",
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