The origin of cross section thresholds in H+H2: Why quantum dynamics appears to be more vibrationally adiabatic than classical dynamics

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Abstract

In this paper, cross sections and J = 0 reaction probabilities from the results of quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) and accurate quantum reactive scattering calculations are presented and compared for H + H2 (ν = 0) and H + H2 (ν = 1). For both ν = 0 and ν = 1, the energies associated with the effective thresholds for reaction in the quantum results are consistent with the adiabatic treatment of bending motions along the reaction coordinate. This is best illustrated by comparing the 3DJ = 0 reaction probabilities with those from analogous collinear calculations, and with collinear calculations in which the bending zero point energy is added in adiabatically at every point in collinear configuration space. The quasiclassical trajectory cross sections and probabilities, on the other hand, have thresholds which are well below the quantum thresholds, primarily because of reactive trajectories which have little or no energy in bending near the effective reaction bottleneck. This effect is especially important for H + H2 (ν = 1) and leads to QCT rate constants which are much higher than the quantum ones at 300 K. Classical methods designed to reduce this threshold error are studied, and the most successful of these is one in which the local bending zero point energy is added adiabatically in the full dimensional configuration space. The origin of the threshold error is examined, and it is found that the constraints associated with the uncertainty principle rather than with vibrational adiabaticity are the most important in determining the threshold behavior associated with bending. These constraints lead to the prediction that the vibrationally adiabatic (ground bending state) threshold is the correct one, which means that the quantum threshold appears to be governed by adiabatic theory even when motional time scales are such that the adiabatic approximation is invalid. The classical threshold, on the other hand, is close to the adiabatic threshold only when motional time scales are appropriate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5386-5391
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume79
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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