The polar [WO2F4]2- anion in the solid state

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Abstract

The cis-[WO2F4]2- anion is inherently acentric and contains polarizable W=O bonds, making it a good candidate for second-harmonic generation (SHG). However, the orientational disorder commonly found in crystal structures containing [WO2F4]2- must be understood as a first step toward engineering a polar SHG material with this anion. The strategy of crystallizing the [WO2F4]2- anion with two different cations, which was successful in ordering the related [NbOF5]2- and cis-[MoO2F4]2- anions, is able to order one of the two W=O bonds. Close inspection of bond lengths and anisotropic thermal ellipsoids in disordered [WO2F4]2- compounds gives insight into disorder mechanisms and suggests strategies for eliminating orientational disorder. Crystal data: for [pyH]2[Cu(py)4(WO2F4)2], tetragonal, space group 14122 (No. 98), with a = 11.339(2) ̊, c - 30.489(6) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph I, tetragonal, space group 14/mcm (No. 140), with a = 9.745(1) ̊, c = 16.565(3) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph II, tetragonal, space group P4/mmm (No. 123), with a = 6.886(3) ̊, c = 8.300(2) ̊, and Z = 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume38
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Anions
anions
solid state
disorders
Harmonic generation
Polymorphism
harmonic generations
Bond length
ellipsoids
Cations
inspection
Crystal structure
Inspection
engineering
cations
Crystals
crystal structure
crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

The polar [WO2F4]2- anion in the solid state. / Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1999, p. 762-767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The cis-[WO2F4]2- anion is inherently acentric and contains polarizable W=O bonds, making it a good candidate for second-harmonic generation (SHG). However, the orientational disorder commonly found in crystal structures containing [WO2F4]2- must be understood as a first step toward engineering a polar SHG material with this anion. The strategy of crystallizing the [WO2F4]2- anion with two different cations, which was successful in ordering the related [NbOF5]2- and cis-[MoO2F4]2- anions, is able to order one of the two W=O bonds. Close inspection of bond lengths and anisotropic thermal ellipsoids in disordered [WO2F4]2- compounds gives insight into disorder mechanisms and suggests strategies for eliminating orientational disorder. Crystal data: for [pyH]2[Cu(py)4(WO2F4)2], tetragonal, space group 14122 (No. 98), with a = 11.339(2) ̊, c - 30.489(6) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph I, tetragonal, space group 14/mcm (No. 140), with a = 9.745(1) ̊, c = 16.565(3) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph II, tetragonal, space group P4/mmm (No. 123), with a = 6.886(3) ̊, c = 8.300(2) ̊, and Z = 1.",
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AB - The cis-[WO2F4]2- anion is inherently acentric and contains polarizable W=O bonds, making it a good candidate for second-harmonic generation (SHG). However, the orientational disorder commonly found in crystal structures containing [WO2F4]2- must be understood as a first step toward engineering a polar SHG material with this anion. The strategy of crystallizing the [WO2F4]2- anion with two different cations, which was successful in ordering the related [NbOF5]2- and cis-[MoO2F4]2- anions, is able to order one of the two W=O bonds. Close inspection of bond lengths and anisotropic thermal ellipsoids in disordered [WO2F4]2- compounds gives insight into disorder mechanisms and suggests strategies for eliminating orientational disorder. Crystal data: for [pyH]2[Cu(py)4(WO2F4)2], tetragonal, space group 14122 (No. 98), with a = 11.339(2) ̊, c - 30.489(6) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph I, tetragonal, space group 14/mcm (No. 140), with a = 9.745(1) ̊, c = 16.565(3) ̊, and Z = 4; for Cu(pyz)2WO2F4·(pyz)(H2O) polymorph II, tetragonal, space group P4/mmm (No. 123), with a = 6.886(3) ̊, c = 8.300(2) ̊, and Z = 1.

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