The role of amine surface density in carbon dioxide adsorption on functionalized mixed oxide surfaces

Pria D. Young, Justin M Notestein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supported amines are considered as adsorbents to replace aqueous amines for carbon capture and for CO 2 capture/conversion into chemicals. Here, amines are grafted to SiO 2 or Ti-SiO 2 by using aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTES) or (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-tert-butylcarbamate (TESPtBC) and then removing the carbamate group introduced by the latter by mild heating to 'deprotect' the amine. Structures are verified by using 13Ccross polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) NMR spectroscopy, acid titration, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis. Diffuse reflectance UV/Visible spectroscopy shows that amines from APTES coordinate directly to Ti cations, whereas Ti cations remain coordinatively unsaturated after grafting of TESPtBC and deprotection. CO 2 chemisorption is studied as a function of amine precursor, average surface density, and the presence of Ti. CO 2 uptake increases from 2 per amine for as-synthesized TESPtBC materials to only approximately 0.05CO 2 per amine for the isolated amines present after deprotection. In contrast, clustered amines from APTES chemisorb up to approximately 0.35CO 2 per amine. Cooperative ammonium carbamates form preferentially above an apparent local density of 0.6amines per nm 2 from APTES, but do not form even up to 0.9 amines per nm 2 for TESPtBC-derived materials. This suggests that the true local surface density form APTES is underestimated by as much as 150%. CO 2 uptake falls to 2 per amine for ATPES on Ti-SiO 2, but uptake is less affected for the 'protected' TESPtBC precursor. These results show that TESPtBC may be a viable precursor for applications in acid-base cooperative CO 2 conversion catalysts, and that variation in the local amine surface density and the chemistry of the underlying support may account for some of the large variability in reported CO 2 capacities of supported amine materials in literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1678
Number of pages8
JournalChemSusChem
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 18 2011

Fingerprint

Carbon Dioxide
Oxides
Amines
Carbon dioxide
carbon dioxide
oxide
adsorption
Adsorption
Carbon Monoxide
carbamate (ester)
amine
Cations
cation
Positive ions
spectroscopy
Carbon capture
Magic angle spinning
MAS
Acids
Carbamates

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • amines
  • carbon dioxide fixation
  • organic-inorganic hybrid composites
  • titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

The role of amine surface density in carbon dioxide adsorption on functionalized mixed oxide surfaces. / Young, Pria D.; Notestein, Justin M.

In: ChemSusChem, Vol. 4, No. 11, 18.11.2011, p. 1671-1678.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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