The Role of the Side Chain on the Performance of N-type Conjugated Polymers in Aqueous Electrolytes

Alexander Giovannitti, Iuliana P. Maria, David Hanifi, Mary J. Donahue, Daniel Bryant, Katrina J. Barth, Beatrice E. Makdah, Achilleas Savva, Davide Moia, Matyáš Zetek, Piers R.F. Barnes, Obadiah G. Reid, Sahika Inal, Garry Rumbles, George G. Malliaras, Jenny Nelson, Jonathan Rivnay, Iain McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a design strategy that allows the preparation of solution processable n-type materials from low boiling point solvents for organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs). The polymer backbone is based on NDI-T2 copolymers where a branched alkyl side chain is gradually exchanged for a linear ethylene glycol-based side chain. A series of random copolymers was prepared with glycol side chain percentages of 0, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90, and 100 with respect to the alkyl side chains. These were characterized to study the influence of the polar side chains on interaction with aqueous electrolytes, their electrochemical redox reactions, and performance in OECTs when operated in aqueous electrolytes. We observed that glycol side chain percentages of >50% are required to achieve volumetric charging, while lower glycol chain percentages show a mixed operation with high required voltages to allow for bulk charging of the organic semiconductor. A strong dependence of the electron mobility on the fraction of glycol chains was found for copolymers based on NDI-T2, with a significant drop as alkyl side chains are replaced by glycol side chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2945-2953
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume30
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 8 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Giovannitti, A., Maria, I. P., Hanifi, D., Donahue, M. J., Bryant, D., Barth, K. J., Makdah, B. E., Savva, A., Moia, D., Zetek, M., Barnes, P. R. F., Reid, O. G., Inal, S., Rumbles, G., Malliaras, G. G., Nelson, J., Rivnay, J., & McCulloch, I. (2018). The Role of the Side Chain on the Performance of N-type Conjugated Polymers in Aqueous Electrolytes. Chemistry of Materials, 30(9), 2945-2953. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00321