Theoretical and experimental studies of optical nonlinearities of haloforms CHX3, X=F, Cl, Br, I

Shashi P. Kama, Michel Dupuis, Eric Perrin, Paras N. Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present ab initio calculations of static polarizability α and static first and second hyperpolarizabilities β and γ for the haloform series CHX3, where X = F, Cl, Br, and I using the effective core potential (ECP) approach. The microscopic optical nonlinearities α, β, and γ are calculated as the derivatives of the energy with respect to the electric field, with the energy determined by means of the self-consistent-field approach (SCF), and nonlinearities calculated by means of the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) formalism. To test the approximation introduced by the ECP method, nonlinear optical responses for the lighter members of the series CHF3 and CHCl3 are compared with all electron calculations. The effects due to basis set size and inclusion of diffuse and polarization functions of d and f type are examined. The ECP technique is then used to calculate optical nonlinearities for CHBr3 and CHI3. Although very good agreement is found between calculated and experimental polarizabilities α for the haloform series, the agreement is not as good for the higher order polarizabilities. Possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7418-7425
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume92
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Fingerprint

nonlinearity
Electric fields
Polarization
Derivatives
self consistent fields
Electrons
inclusions
formalism
electric fields
energy
causes
polarization
approximation
electrons
fluoroform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Theoretical and experimental studies of optical nonlinearities of haloforms CHX3, X=F, Cl, Br, I. / Kama, Shashi P.; Dupuis, Michel; Perrin, Eric; Prasad, Paras N.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 92, No. 12, 1990, p. 7418-7425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kama, Shashi P. ; Dupuis, Michel ; Perrin, Eric ; Prasad, Paras N. / Theoretical and experimental studies of optical nonlinearities of haloforms CHX3, X=F, Cl, Br, I. In: Journal of Chemical Physics. 1990 ; Vol. 92, No. 12. pp. 7418-7425.
@article{b4681ad820914301891aaef3adf79dac,
title = "Theoretical and experimental studies of optical nonlinearities of haloforms CHX3, X=F, Cl, Br, I",
abstract = "In this paper, we present ab initio calculations of static polarizability α and static first and second hyperpolarizabilities β and γ for the haloform series CHX3, where X = F, Cl, Br, and I using the effective core potential (ECP) approach. The microscopic optical nonlinearities α, β, and γ are calculated as the derivatives of the energy with respect to the electric field, with the energy determined by means of the self-consistent-field approach (SCF), and nonlinearities calculated by means of the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) formalism. To test the approximation introduced by the ECP method, nonlinear optical responses for the lighter members of the series CHF3 and CHCl3 are compared with all electron calculations. The effects due to basis set size and inclusion of diffuse and polarization functions of d and f type are examined. The ECP technique is then used to calculate optical nonlinearities for CHBr3 and CHI3. Although very good agreement is found between calculated and experimental polarizabilities α for the haloform series, the agreement is not as good for the higher order polarizabilities. Possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.",
author = "Kama, {Shashi P.} and Michel Dupuis and Eric Perrin and Prasad, {Paras N.}",
year = "1990",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "7418--7425",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Physics",
issn = "0021-9606",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Publising LLC",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Theoretical and experimental studies of optical nonlinearities of haloforms CHX3, X=F, Cl, Br, I

AU - Kama, Shashi P.

AU - Dupuis, Michel

AU - Perrin, Eric

AU - Prasad, Paras N.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - In this paper, we present ab initio calculations of static polarizability α and static first and second hyperpolarizabilities β and γ for the haloform series CHX3, where X = F, Cl, Br, and I using the effective core potential (ECP) approach. The microscopic optical nonlinearities α, β, and γ are calculated as the derivatives of the energy with respect to the electric field, with the energy determined by means of the self-consistent-field approach (SCF), and nonlinearities calculated by means of the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) formalism. To test the approximation introduced by the ECP method, nonlinear optical responses for the lighter members of the series CHF3 and CHCl3 are compared with all electron calculations. The effects due to basis set size and inclusion of diffuse and polarization functions of d and f type are examined. The ECP technique is then used to calculate optical nonlinearities for CHBr3 and CHI3. Although very good agreement is found between calculated and experimental polarizabilities α for the haloform series, the agreement is not as good for the higher order polarizabilities. Possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.

AB - In this paper, we present ab initio calculations of static polarizability α and static first and second hyperpolarizabilities β and γ for the haloform series CHX3, where X = F, Cl, Br, and I using the effective core potential (ECP) approach. The microscopic optical nonlinearities α, β, and γ are calculated as the derivatives of the energy with respect to the electric field, with the energy determined by means of the self-consistent-field approach (SCF), and nonlinearities calculated by means of the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) formalism. To test the approximation introduced by the ECP method, nonlinear optical responses for the lighter members of the series CHF3 and CHCl3 are compared with all electron calculations. The effects due to basis set size and inclusion of diffuse and polarization functions of d and f type are examined. The ECP technique is then used to calculate optical nonlinearities for CHBr3 and CHI3. Although very good agreement is found between calculated and experimental polarizabilities α for the haloform series, the agreement is not as good for the higher order polarizabilities. Possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847538473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847538473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33847538473

VL - 92

SP - 7418

EP - 7425

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 12

ER -