Theoretical investigation of hyperthermal reactions at the gas-liquid interface: O (3P) and squalane

Kim Dongwook, George C Schatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hyperthermal collisions (5 eV) of ground-state atomic oxygen [O ( 3P)] with a liquid-saturated hydrocarbon, squalane (C 30H62), have been studied using QM/MM hybrid "on-the-fly" direct dynamics. The surface structure of the liquid squalane is obtained from a classical molecular dynamics simulation using the OPLS-AA force field. The MSINDO semiempirical Hamiltonian is combined with OPLS-AA for the QM/MM calculations. In order to achieve a more consistent and efficient simulation of the collisions, we implemented a dynamic partitioning of the QM and MM atoms in which atoms are assigned to QM or MM regions based on their proximity to "seed" (open-shell) atoms that determine where bond making/breaking can occur. In addition, the number of seed atoms is allowed to increase or decrease as time evolves so that multiple reactive events can be described. The results show that H abstraction is the most important process for all incident angles, with H elimination, double H abstraction, and C-C bond cleavage also being important. A number of properties of these reactive channels, as well as inelastic nonreactive scattering, are investigated, including angular and translational energy distributions, the effect of incident collision angle, variation with depth of the reactive event within the liquid, with the reaction site on the hydrocarbon, and the effect of dynamics before and after reaction (direct reaction versus trapping reaction-desorption).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5019-5031
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume111
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 14 2007

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Gases
Atoms
Liquids
liquids
Hydrocarbons
gases
collisions
atoms
Seed
seeds
Hamiltonians
Inelastic scattering
Surface structure
Ground state
alkanes
field theory (physics)
Molecular dynamics
proximity
cleavage
elimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Theoretical investigation of hyperthermal reactions at the gas-liquid interface : O (3P) and squalane. / Dongwook, Kim; Schatz, George C.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 111, No. 23, 14.06.2007, p. 5019-5031.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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