Theoretical investigation of the binding of small molecules and the intramolecular agostic interaction at tungsten centers with carbonyl and phosphine ligands

James Muckerman, Etsuko Fujita, Carl D. Hoff, Gregory J. Kubas

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The factors controlling both the binding of small molecules to several tungsten complexes and agostic bonding in the W(CO)3(PCy 3)2 complex have been examined through B3LYP hybrid density functional theory and ab initio MP2 calculations with and without basis set superposition error (BSSE) corrections. This approach attempts to isolate insofar as possible the separate effects of intrinsic bonding interactions, electron induction by ligands, and steric hindrance and strain. An important conclusion from this study is that for bimolecular reactions, BSSE corrections must be included for quantitative predictions. There is a reasonably good correlation between the BSSE-corrected B3LYP and MP2 results for bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of very small molecules (H2, N 2, and CO), but generally B3LYP BDEs tend to be smaller than the corresponding MP2 values. In the few cases where a comparison with experimental data can be appropriately made, it appears that the BSSE-corrected MP2 BDEs are more reliable. Using N2 as a probe molecule, the strength of the agostic bond in W(CO)3(PCy3)2 has been examined by calculating the BDE of N2 in a series of tungsten complexes with increasing electron inducing effect without agostic bonding, then extrapolating the expected trend to the case of agostically bonded WC(CO)3(PCy 3)2. Comparison of the extrapolated value to the calculated BDE of W(CO)3(PCy3)2(N2) yields an estimated strength of the agostic bond of from 7 to 9 kcal mol -1. Approximately 5 kcal mol-1 of the interaction is assigned to the net agostic interaction associated with moving from a nonagostic local minimum configuration of the PCy3 ligands to the agostically bonded global minimum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6815-6821
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume111
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 21 2007

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phosphine
Tungsten
Carbon Monoxide
phosphines
Enthalpy
tungsten
enthalpy
Ligands
dissociation
ligands
Molecules
molecules
Error correction
interactions
Electrons
Density functional theory
induction
electron scattering
density functional theory
trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Theoretical investigation of the binding of small molecules and the intramolecular agostic interaction at tungsten centers with carbonyl and phosphine ligands",
abstract = "The factors controlling both the binding of small molecules to several tungsten complexes and agostic bonding in the W(CO)3(PCy 3)2 complex have been examined through B3LYP hybrid density functional theory and ab initio MP2 calculations with and without basis set superposition error (BSSE) corrections. This approach attempts to isolate insofar as possible the separate effects of intrinsic bonding interactions, electron induction by ligands, and steric hindrance and strain. An important conclusion from this study is that for bimolecular reactions, BSSE corrections must be included for quantitative predictions. There is a reasonably good correlation between the BSSE-corrected B3LYP and MP2 results for bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of very small molecules (H2, N 2, and CO), but generally B3LYP BDEs tend to be smaller than the corresponding MP2 values. In the few cases where a comparison with experimental data can be appropriately made, it appears that the BSSE-corrected MP2 BDEs are more reliable. Using N2 as a probe molecule, the strength of the agostic bond in W(CO)3(PCy3)2 has been examined by calculating the BDE of N2 in a series of tungsten complexes with increasing electron inducing effect without agostic bonding, then extrapolating the expected trend to the case of agostically bonded WC(CO)3(PCy 3)2. Comparison of the extrapolated value to the calculated BDE of W(CO)3(PCy3)2(N2) yields an estimated strength of the agostic bond of from 7 to 9 kcal mol -1. Approximately 5 kcal mol-1 of the interaction is assigned to the net agostic interaction associated with moving from a nonagostic local minimum configuration of the PCy3 ligands to the agostically bonded global minimum.",
author = "James Muckerman and Etsuko Fujita and Hoff, {Carl D.} and Kubas, {Gregory J.}",
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T1 - Theoretical investigation of the binding of small molecules and the intramolecular agostic interaction at tungsten centers with carbonyl and phosphine ligands

AU - Muckerman, James

AU - Fujita, Etsuko

AU - Hoff, Carl D.

AU - Kubas, Gregory J.

PY - 2007/6/21

Y1 - 2007/6/21

N2 - The factors controlling both the binding of small molecules to several tungsten complexes and agostic bonding in the W(CO)3(PCy 3)2 complex have been examined through B3LYP hybrid density functional theory and ab initio MP2 calculations with and without basis set superposition error (BSSE) corrections. This approach attempts to isolate insofar as possible the separate effects of intrinsic bonding interactions, electron induction by ligands, and steric hindrance and strain. An important conclusion from this study is that for bimolecular reactions, BSSE corrections must be included for quantitative predictions. There is a reasonably good correlation between the BSSE-corrected B3LYP and MP2 results for bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of very small molecules (H2, N 2, and CO), but generally B3LYP BDEs tend to be smaller than the corresponding MP2 values. In the few cases where a comparison with experimental data can be appropriately made, it appears that the BSSE-corrected MP2 BDEs are more reliable. Using N2 as a probe molecule, the strength of the agostic bond in W(CO)3(PCy3)2 has been examined by calculating the BDE of N2 in a series of tungsten complexes with increasing electron inducing effect without agostic bonding, then extrapolating the expected trend to the case of agostically bonded WC(CO)3(PCy 3)2. Comparison of the extrapolated value to the calculated BDE of W(CO)3(PCy3)2(N2) yields an estimated strength of the agostic bond of from 7 to 9 kcal mol -1. Approximately 5 kcal mol-1 of the interaction is assigned to the net agostic interaction associated with moving from a nonagostic local minimum configuration of the PCy3 ligands to the agostically bonded global minimum.

AB - The factors controlling both the binding of small molecules to several tungsten complexes and agostic bonding in the W(CO)3(PCy 3)2 complex have been examined through B3LYP hybrid density functional theory and ab initio MP2 calculations with and without basis set superposition error (BSSE) corrections. This approach attempts to isolate insofar as possible the separate effects of intrinsic bonding interactions, electron induction by ligands, and steric hindrance and strain. An important conclusion from this study is that for bimolecular reactions, BSSE corrections must be included for quantitative predictions. There is a reasonably good correlation between the BSSE-corrected B3LYP and MP2 results for bond dissociation enthalpies (BDEs) of very small molecules (H2, N 2, and CO), but generally B3LYP BDEs tend to be smaller than the corresponding MP2 values. In the few cases where a comparison with experimental data can be appropriately made, it appears that the BSSE-corrected MP2 BDEs are more reliable. Using N2 as a probe molecule, the strength of the agostic bond in W(CO)3(PCy3)2 has been examined by calculating the BDE of N2 in a series of tungsten complexes with increasing electron inducing effect without agostic bonding, then extrapolating the expected trend to the case of agostically bonded WC(CO)3(PCy 3)2. Comparison of the extrapolated value to the calculated BDE of W(CO)3(PCy3)2(N2) yields an estimated strength of the agostic bond of from 7 to 9 kcal mol -1. Approximately 5 kcal mol-1 of the interaction is assigned to the net agostic interaction associated with moving from a nonagostic local minimum configuration of the PCy3 ligands to the agostically bonded global minimum.

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