Thermodynamics and kinetics of carbon dioxide binding to two stereoisomers of a cobalt(I) macrocycle in aqueous solution

Carol Creutz, Harold A. Schwarz, James F. Wishart, Etsuko Fujita, Norman Sutin

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Abstract

The thermodynamics and kinetics of binding of CO2, CO, and H+ to N-racemic and N-meso stereoisomers of the cobalt(I) macrocycle CoL+ (L = 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene) have been determined in aqueous media with use of the pulse radiolysis technique and transient ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. N-rac- or N-meso-CoL+ was produced by the hydrated electron reduction of N-rac- or N-meso-CoL2+, with tert-butyl alcohol generally added to scavenge hydroxyl radicals. Reactions of both N-rac- and N-meso CoL+ are readily followed by the disappearance of intense (ε 1 × 104 M-1 cm-1) absorption bands at 630 and 635 nm, respectively. The product absorptions are much less intense (ε 200-500 M-1 cm-1) and shifted to higher energy (400-500 nm). Carbon dioxide adducts were also produced via the reactions of N-rac- or N-meso-CoL2+ with formate radical .CO2 - in solutions containing sodium formate and CO2 and hydrogen ion adducts (hydrides) by the reactions with .H atom in acid solution. The known stereochemistry of the methyl radical additions to N-rac- and N-meso-CoL2+ was used to assign the different isomers of the adducts. Thus, reaction of H and CO2+ with N-rac-CoL2+ yields sec-N-rac-CoL(H)2+ and sec-N-rac-CoL(CO2)+, respectively, and the reaction of N-rac-CoL+ with H+ and CO2 yields prim-N-rac-CoL(H)2+ and prim-N-rac-CoL(CO2)+, respectively. As expected, only N-meso adducts are obtained from either N-meso-CoL+ or N-meso-CoL2+. Formation constants for the complexes (determined by analysis of equilibrium absorptions or equilibration kinetics) at 25°C are CoL(CO2)+, 2.5 × 108 M-1 (prim-N-rac), 6.0 × 106 M-1 (N-meso); CoL(CO)+, 1.6 × 108 M-1 (prim-N-rac), 0.8 × 108 M-1 (N-meso); CoL(H)2+, 2.5 × 1011 M-1 (prim-N-rac), ≥7.9 × 1013 M-1 (N-meso). The rate constants are large and generally parallel the stability of the adduct. The following are values of k (M-1 s-1) for addition at 25°C: CO2, 1.7 × 108 (prim-N-rac), 1.5 × 107 (N-meso); CO, 5.0 × 108 (prim-N-rac), 8.3 × 108 (N-meso); H+, 3.0 × 109 (prim-N-rac), 2.3 × 109 (N-meso).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3361-3371
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume113
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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