Thermoelectric properties and nanostructuring in the p-type materials NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi)

Aurélie Guéguen, Pierre F P Poudeu, Chang Peng Li, Steven Moses, Ctirad Uher, Jiaqing He, Vinayak Dravid, Konstantinos M. Paraskevopoulos, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

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Abstract

The thermoelectric properties of materials with nominal compositions NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi) were investigated in the temperature range 300-650 K. All the members of NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 have a cubic rock-salt (NaCl) type structure and exhibit p-type charge transport behavior between 300-650 K. The relative fraction of Sn strongly affects the physical, structural, and transport properties of the materials. Independent of the nature of the pnicogen atom (M), the electrical conductivity increases with decreasing Pb:Sn ratio, whereas the thermopower decreases. Hall effect data for selected samples, e.g., NaPb 15Sn 3BiTe 20 and NaPb 13Sn 5SbTe 20, show high carrier concentrations of ̃1 × 10 20 cm -3 at room temperature. Comparing corresponding members from the antimony and bismuth series, we observed that the Sn-free compositions (x = 0) exhibit the highest power factors, and as a consequence, the highest ZT, with NaPb 18BiTe 20 reaching a ZT ≈ 1.3 at 670 K. The NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 series exhibit increasing total thermal conductivity with increasing fraction of Sn with room temperature values between 1.37 W/(m K) for x = 3 and 3.9 W/(m K) for x = 16 for NaPb 18-xSn xSbTe 20. The lowest lattice thermal conductivity, ̃0.4 W/(m K), was observed for the composition NaPb 2Sn 16BiTe 20 at 650 K. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy on several members of the NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 series reveal that they are inhomogeneous on the nanoscale with widely dispersed nanocrystals embedded in a Pb 1-ySn yTe matrix. Also observed are lamellar features in these materials associated with compositional fluctuations and significant strain at the nanocrystal/matrix interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683-1694
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2009

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Nanocrystals
Thermal conductivity
Chemical analysis
Antimony
Bismuth
Thermoelectric power
Hall effect
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Transport properties
Temperature
Carrier concentration
Charge transfer
Structural properties
Physical properties
Salts
Rocks
Atoms
Electric Conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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Thermoelectric properties and nanostructuring in the p-type materials NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi). / Guéguen, Aurélie; Poudeu, Pierre F P; Li, Chang Peng; Moses, Steven; Uher, Ctirad; He, Jiaqing; Dravid, Vinayak; Paraskevopoulos, Konstantinos M.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 21, No. 8, 28.04.2009, p. 1683-1694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guéguen, A, Poudeu, PFP, Li, CP, Moses, S, Uher, C, He, J, Dravid, V, Paraskevopoulos, KM & Kanatzidis, MG 2009, 'Thermoelectric properties and nanostructuring in the p-type materials NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi)', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1683-1694. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm803519p
Guéguen, Aurélie ; Poudeu, Pierre F P ; Li, Chang Peng ; Moses, Steven ; Uher, Ctirad ; He, Jiaqing ; Dravid, Vinayak ; Paraskevopoulos, Konstantinos M. ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Thermoelectric properties and nanostructuring in the p-type materials NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi). In: Chemistry of Materials. 2009 ; Vol. 21, No. 8. pp. 1683-1694.
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AU - Moses, Steven

AU - Uher, Ctirad

AU - He, Jiaqing

AU - Dravid, Vinayak

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AB - The thermoelectric properties of materials with nominal compositions NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 (M = Sb, Bi) were investigated in the temperature range 300-650 K. All the members of NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 have a cubic rock-salt (NaCl) type structure and exhibit p-type charge transport behavior between 300-650 K. The relative fraction of Sn strongly affects the physical, structural, and transport properties of the materials. Independent of the nature of the pnicogen atom (M), the electrical conductivity increases with decreasing Pb:Sn ratio, whereas the thermopower decreases. Hall effect data for selected samples, e.g., NaPb 15Sn 3BiTe 20 and NaPb 13Sn 5SbTe 20, show high carrier concentrations of ̃1 × 10 20 cm -3 at room temperature. Comparing corresponding members from the antimony and bismuth series, we observed that the Sn-free compositions (x = 0) exhibit the highest power factors, and as a consequence, the highest ZT, with NaPb 18BiTe 20 reaching a ZT ≈ 1.3 at 670 K. The NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 series exhibit increasing total thermal conductivity with increasing fraction of Sn with room temperature values between 1.37 W/(m K) for x = 3 and 3.9 W/(m K) for x = 16 for NaPb 18-xSn xSbTe 20. The lowest lattice thermal conductivity, ̃0.4 W/(m K), was observed for the composition NaPb 2Sn 16BiTe 20 at 650 K. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy on several members of the NaPb 18-xSn xMTe 20 series reveal that they are inhomogeneous on the nanoscale with widely dispersed nanocrystals embedded in a Pb 1-ySn yTe matrix. Also observed are lamellar features in these materials associated with compositional fluctuations and significant strain at the nanocrystal/matrix interface.

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