Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Li 4Ti 5O 12: Effect of wall structure on electrochemical properties

Erin M. Sorensen, Scott J. Barry, Ha Kyun Jung, James R. Rondinelli, John T. Vaughey, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

275 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) Li 4Ti 5O 12 was synthesized using poly(methyl methacrylate) colloidal crystal templates and metal organic aqueous precursors. 3DOM structures of various filling fractions and wall thicknesses were synthesized, and the materials evaluated in lithium ion battery cells. The 3DOM architecture was found to markedly improve the rate capability of Li 4Ti 5O 12 when the voids of the template were underfilled or perfectly filled. When the template voids were overfilled, the performance of the electrode was similar to that of nonporous Li 4Ti 5O 12. We believe the enhanced rate capability results from the interconnected network of nanometer scale walls, which create short lithium diffusion distances and better contact with the electrolyte. SEM and TEM micrographs reveal that the nature of the wall structure forms low angle grain boundaries in 3DOM Li 4Ti 5O 12, which enhances conduction pathways in the particle, especially at high rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-489
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2006

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Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl methacrylates
Electrochemical properties
Lithium
Electrolytes
Grain boundaries
Metals
Transmission electron microscopy
Crystals
Scanning electron microscopy
Electrodes
Lithium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Li 4Ti 5O 12 : Effect of wall structure on electrochemical properties. / Sorensen, Erin M.; Barry, Scott J.; Jung, Ha Kyun; Rondinelli, James R.; Vaughey, John T.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, No. 2, 24.01.2006, p. 482-489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sorensen, Erin M. ; Barry, Scott J. ; Jung, Ha Kyun ; Rondinelli, James R. ; Vaughey, John T. ; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. / Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Li 4Ti 5O 12 : Effect of wall structure on electrochemical properties. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2006 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 482-489.
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