We present calculations of various properties of the ground and excited electronic states of coumarins 102, 152, 153, and 343. Using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT), we examine the excitation energies to the S1 and S2 states, the ground and excited-state dipole moments, and the lowest ionization potentials of these coumarins. In the case of C153, we locate two distinct S0 minima clue to differing conformations of the julolidyl ring structure and compare properties for the syn and anti conformers. For C343, we examine the possibility of proton transfers in the ground and S1 states of the system. We find that (1) DFT tends to overestimate the ground-state dipole moments in these systems, (2) excellent agreement is obtained between TDDFT and experimental vertical excitation energies, (3) TDDFT and CIS yield similar estimates of the dipole moment change between the S0 and S1 states, both of which are in the range of previous experimental estimates, (4) in each case, the S2 state is at least 0.5 eV above the S1 state for the ground-state geometry, and (5) proton transfer is not likely in the ground state of C343 but is only 0.18 eV higher in energy in the S1 state. We also compare the DFT/TDDFT results with RHF/CIS, MP2, and INDO S/CI results. We find good agreement between MP2 and experimental ground-state dipole moments and good agreement between INDO S/CI and TDDFT gas-phase excitation energies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry