Time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure-dependent surface reconstructions on SrTiO3(1 1 1): A systematic study of oxygen-rich conditions

Ann N. Chiaramonti, Courtney H. Lanier, Laurence D. Marks, Peter C Stair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The formation of surface reconstructions on the (1 1 1) surface of SrTiO3 following Ar+ ion bombardment and annealing in oxygen-rich (0.2 ≤ pO2 ≤ 1.0) environments is systematically investigated using transmission electron microscopy imaging and diffraction. A series of air stable and highly reproducible reconstructions are observed whose periodicity depends on the combination of annealing time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure. Approximate phase maps can be constructed for each annealing time investigated, and these reveal that for short annealing times (0.5 h) the periodicity of the observed reconstruction is a primarily function of the partial pressure of oxygen in the annealing environment while for long annealing times (10 h) the observed periodicity is primarily a function of the annealing temperature. For intermediate annealing times (5 h), three coexisting reconstructions are observed to exist on a single specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3018-3025
Number of pages8
JournalSurface Science
Volume602
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2008

Fingerprint

Surface reconstruction
Partial pressure
partial pressure
Annealing
Oxygen
annealing
oxygen
periodic variations
Temperature
temperature
strontium titanium oxide
Ion bombardment
bombardment
Diffraction
Transmission electron microscopy
Imaging techniques
transmission electron microscopy
air
Air
diffraction

Keywords

  • Morphology
  • Oxides
  • Roughness and topography
  • Single crystal surfaces
  • Surface reconstruction
  • Surface structure
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Transmission high energy electron diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure-dependent surface reconstructions on SrTiO3(1 1 1) : A systematic study of oxygen-rich conditions. / Chiaramonti, Ann N.; Lanier, Courtney H.; Marks, Laurence D.; Stair, Peter C.

In: Surface Science, Vol. 602, No. 18, 15.09.2008, p. 3018-3025.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The formation of surface reconstructions on the (1 1 1) surface of SrTiO3 following Ar+ ion bombardment and annealing in oxygen-rich (0.2 ≤ pO2 ≤ 1.0) environments is systematically investigated using transmission electron microscopy imaging and diffraction. A series of air stable and highly reproducible reconstructions are observed whose periodicity depends on the combination of annealing time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure. Approximate phase maps can be constructed for each annealing time investigated, and these reveal that for short annealing times (0.5 h) the periodicity of the observed reconstruction is a primarily function of the partial pressure of oxygen in the annealing environment while for long annealing times (10 h) the observed periodicity is primarily a function of the annealing temperature. For intermediate annealing times (5 h), three coexisting reconstructions are observed to exist on a single specimen.",
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AU - Lanier, Courtney H.

AU - Marks, Laurence D.

AU - Stair, Peter C

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N2 - The formation of surface reconstructions on the (1 1 1) surface of SrTiO3 following Ar+ ion bombardment and annealing in oxygen-rich (0.2 ≤ pO2 ≤ 1.0) environments is systematically investigated using transmission electron microscopy imaging and diffraction. A series of air stable and highly reproducible reconstructions are observed whose periodicity depends on the combination of annealing time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure. Approximate phase maps can be constructed for each annealing time investigated, and these reveal that for short annealing times (0.5 h) the periodicity of the observed reconstruction is a primarily function of the partial pressure of oxygen in the annealing environment while for long annealing times (10 h) the observed periodicity is primarily a function of the annealing temperature. For intermediate annealing times (5 h), three coexisting reconstructions are observed to exist on a single specimen.

AB - The formation of surface reconstructions on the (1 1 1) surface of SrTiO3 following Ar+ ion bombardment and annealing in oxygen-rich (0.2 ≤ pO2 ≤ 1.0) environments is systematically investigated using transmission electron microscopy imaging and diffraction. A series of air stable and highly reproducible reconstructions are observed whose periodicity depends on the combination of annealing time, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure. Approximate phase maps can be constructed for each annealing time investigated, and these reveal that for short annealing times (0.5 h) the periodicity of the observed reconstruction is a primarily function of the partial pressure of oxygen in the annealing environment while for long annealing times (10 h) the observed periodicity is primarily a function of the annealing temperature. For intermediate annealing times (5 h), three coexisting reconstructions are observed to exist on a single specimen.

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KW - Roughness and topography

KW - Single crystal surfaces

KW - Surface reconstruction

KW - Surface structure

KW - Transmission electron microscopy

KW - Transmission high energy electron diffraction

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