Transmembrane electron transfer mediated by diheptylviologen

Disproportionation of viologen radical and viologen-induced leakage of external reductant

Leif Hammarström, Helena Berglund, Mats Almgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transmembrane electron transfer in lecithin vesicles mediated by diheptylviologen was studied by stopped-flow and absorption spectroscopy. The reaction was initiated by addition of dithionite to the bulk phase which reduced viologen distributed over the outer vesicle interface and the bulk. The viologen reduced 2 equiv of ferricyanide in the vesicle interior. The observed reaction was of second order with respect to the viologen mole fraction, with a first half-life of ≈1 s for 1.5 mol % viologen in the outer monolayer of the vesicles. The reaction was found to proceed by transmembrane diffusion of the doubly reduced, uncharged viologen ((C7)2V0) formed by disproportionation of two viologen radicals ((C7)2V+). This lends support to our suggestion that this mechanism is generally at work in microheterogeneous media. Observations on a longer time scale indicate that leakage of dithionite through the membrane may be induced by introduction of 7)2V2+ are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9588-9593
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume98
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Viologens
Lecithin
Reducing Agents
Absorption spectroscopy
Monolayers
electron transfer
leakage
Membranes
Electrons
Dithionite
half life
suggestion
absorption spectroscopy
membranes
Unilamellar Liposomes
Lecithins
spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Transmembrane electron transfer mediated by diheptylviologen: Disproportionation of viologen radical and viologen-induced leakage of external reductant",
abstract = "Transmembrane electron transfer in lecithin vesicles mediated by diheptylviologen was studied by stopped-flow and absorption spectroscopy. The reaction was initiated by addition of dithionite to the bulk phase which reduced viologen distributed over the outer vesicle interface and the bulk. The viologen reduced 2 equiv of ferricyanide in the vesicle interior. The observed reaction was of second order with respect to the viologen mole fraction, with a first half-life of ≈1 s for 1.5 mol {\%} viologen in the outer monolayer of the vesicles. The reaction was found to proceed by transmembrane diffusion of the doubly reduced, uncharged viologen ((C7)2V0) formed by disproportionation of two viologen radicals ((C7)2V+). This lends support to our suggestion that this mechanism is generally at work in microheterogeneous media. Observations on a longer time scale indicate that leakage of dithionite through the membrane may be induced by introduction of 7)2V2+ are presented.",
author = "Leif Hammarstr{\"o}m and Helena Berglund and Mats Almgren",
year = "1994",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "9588--9593",
journal = "Journal of Physical Chemistry",
issn = "0022-3654",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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T1 - Transmembrane electron transfer mediated by diheptylviologen

T2 - Disproportionation of viologen radical and viologen-induced leakage of external reductant

AU - Hammarström, Leif

AU - Berglund, Helena

AU - Almgren, Mats

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Transmembrane electron transfer in lecithin vesicles mediated by diheptylviologen was studied by stopped-flow and absorption spectroscopy. The reaction was initiated by addition of dithionite to the bulk phase which reduced viologen distributed over the outer vesicle interface and the bulk. The viologen reduced 2 equiv of ferricyanide in the vesicle interior. The observed reaction was of second order with respect to the viologen mole fraction, with a first half-life of ≈1 s for 1.5 mol % viologen in the outer monolayer of the vesicles. The reaction was found to proceed by transmembrane diffusion of the doubly reduced, uncharged viologen ((C7)2V0) formed by disproportionation of two viologen radicals ((C7)2V+). This lends support to our suggestion that this mechanism is generally at work in microheterogeneous media. Observations on a longer time scale indicate that leakage of dithionite through the membrane may be induced by introduction of 7)2V2+ are presented.

AB - Transmembrane electron transfer in lecithin vesicles mediated by diheptylviologen was studied by stopped-flow and absorption spectroscopy. The reaction was initiated by addition of dithionite to the bulk phase which reduced viologen distributed over the outer vesicle interface and the bulk. The viologen reduced 2 equiv of ferricyanide in the vesicle interior. The observed reaction was of second order with respect to the viologen mole fraction, with a first half-life of ≈1 s for 1.5 mol % viologen in the outer monolayer of the vesicles. The reaction was found to proceed by transmembrane diffusion of the doubly reduced, uncharged viologen ((C7)2V0) formed by disproportionation of two viologen radicals ((C7)2V+). This lends support to our suggestion that this mechanism is generally at work in microheterogeneous media. Observations on a longer time scale indicate that leakage of dithionite through the membrane may be induced by introduction of 7)2V2+ are presented.

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