Tuning and enhancing white light emission of II-VI Based inorganic-organic hybrid semiconductors as single-phased phosphors

Xiaoming Fang, Mojgan Roushan, Ruibo Zhang, Jing Peng, Heping Zeng, Jing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-phased white light emitters made of semiconductor bulk materials are most desirable for use in white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) based on both photoluminescence and electroluminescence. Here we demonstrate Cd and/or Se substituted double-layer [Zn 2S 2(ha)] (ha = n-hexylamine) hybrid semiconductors emit bright white light in the bulk form and their emission properties are systematically tunable. The ternary Zn 2-2xCd 2xS 2(ha) hybrid compounds exhibit two photoluminescence (PL) emission peaks, one of which being attributed to band gap emission, and the other resulting from Cd doping and surface sites. The Cd concentration modulates the optical absorption edge (band gap) and the positions of the two emission bands along with their relative intensities. The ZnS-based hybrid structures (with a nominal Cd mole fraction x = 0.25) emit bright white light with significantly enhanced photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) compared to its CdS-based hybrid analogues. For the quaternary Zn 2-2xCd 2xS 2-2ySe 2y(ha) compounds (x = 0.25 and different nominal Se mole fractions y) the synergetic effect between doped Cd and Se atoms leads to further tunability in the band gap and emission spectra, yielding well balanced white light of high quantum yield. Detailed analysis reveals that the PL emission properties of the ternary and quaternary hybrid semiconductors originate from their unique double-layered nanostructures that combine the strong quantum confinement effect and large number of surface sites. The white-light emitting hybrid semiconductors represent a new type of single-phased phosphors with great promise for use in WLEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1710-1717
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 22 2012

Fingerprint

Light emission
Phosphors
Tuning
Semiconductor materials
Photoluminescence
Energy gap
Quantum yield
Light emitting diodes
Quantum confinement
Electroluminescence
Light absorption
Nanostructures
Doping (additives)
Atoms

Keywords

  • II-VI semiconductor
  • inorganic-organic hybrid material
  • light-emitting diode (LED)
  • white light emission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Tuning and enhancing white light emission of II-VI Based inorganic-organic hybrid semiconductors as single-phased phosphors. / Fang, Xiaoming; Roushan, Mojgan; Zhang, Ruibo; Peng, Jing; Zeng, Heping; Li, Jing.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, No. 10, 22.05.2012, p. 1710-1717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fang, Xiaoming ; Roushan, Mojgan ; Zhang, Ruibo ; Peng, Jing ; Zeng, Heping ; Li, Jing. / Tuning and enhancing white light emission of II-VI Based inorganic-organic hybrid semiconductors as single-phased phosphors. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 10. pp. 1710-1717.
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AB - Single-phased white light emitters made of semiconductor bulk materials are most desirable for use in white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) based on both photoluminescence and electroluminescence. Here we demonstrate Cd and/or Se substituted double-layer [Zn 2S 2(ha)] (ha = n-hexylamine) hybrid semiconductors emit bright white light in the bulk form and their emission properties are systematically tunable. The ternary Zn 2-2xCd 2xS 2(ha) hybrid compounds exhibit two photoluminescence (PL) emission peaks, one of which being attributed to band gap emission, and the other resulting from Cd doping and surface sites. The Cd concentration modulates the optical absorption edge (band gap) and the positions of the two emission bands along with their relative intensities. The ZnS-based hybrid structures (with a nominal Cd mole fraction x = 0.25) emit bright white light with significantly enhanced photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) compared to its CdS-based hybrid analogues. For the quaternary Zn 2-2xCd 2xS 2-2ySe 2y(ha) compounds (x = 0.25 and different nominal Se mole fractions y) the synergetic effect between doped Cd and Se atoms leads to further tunability in the band gap and emission spectra, yielding well balanced white light of high quantum yield. Detailed analysis reveals that the PL emission properties of the ternary and quaternary hybrid semiconductors originate from their unique double-layered nanostructures that combine the strong quantum confinement effect and large number of surface sites. The white-light emitting hybrid semiconductors represent a new type of single-phased phosphors with great promise for use in WLEDs.

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