Two-dimensional mineral [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2]: High-mobility charge carriers in single-atom-thick layers

Lei Fang, Jino Im, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Fengyuan Shi, Vinayak Dravid, Maxime Leroux, Arthur J Freeman, Wai Kwong Kwok, Duck Young Chung, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) electronic systems are of wide interest due to their richness in chemical and physical phenomena and potential for technological applications. Here we report that [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2], known as the naturally occurring mineral buckhornite, hosts 2D carriers in single-atom-thick layers. The structure is composed of stacking layers of weakly coupled [Pb2BiS3] and [AuTe2] sheets. The insulating [Pb2BiS3] sheet inhibits interlayer charge hopping and confines the carriers in the basal plane of the single-atom-thick [AuTe2] layer. Magneto-transport measurements on synthesized samples and theoretical calculations show that [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2] is a multiband semimetal with a compensated density of electrons and holes, which exhibits a high hole carrier mobility of ∼1360 cm2/(V s). This material possesses an extremely large anisotropy, γ = ρcab ≈ 104, comparable to those of the benchmark 2D materials graphite and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O6+δ. The electronic structure features linear band dispersion at the Fermi level and ultrahigh Fermi velocities of 106 m/s, which are virtually identical to those of graphene. The weak interlayer coupling gives rise to the highly cleavable property of the single crystal specimens. Our results provide a novel candidate for a monolayer platform to investigate emerging electronic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2311-2317
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 18 2015

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Charge carriers
Minerals
Chemical Phenomena
Physical Phenomena
Benchmarking
Metalloids
Atoms
Carrier mobility
Anisotropy
Fermi level
Electronic properties
Graphene
Electronic structure
Monolayers
Single crystals
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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Two-dimensional mineral [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2] : High-mobility charge carriers in single-atom-thick layers. / Fang, Lei; Im, Jino; Stoumpos, Constantinos C.; Shi, Fengyuan; Dravid, Vinayak; Leroux, Maxime; Freeman, Arthur J; Kwok, Wai Kwong; Chung, Duck Young; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, No. 6, 18.02.2015, p. 2311-2317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fang, Lei ; Im, Jino ; Stoumpos, Constantinos C. ; Shi, Fengyuan ; Dravid, Vinayak ; Leroux, Maxime ; Freeman, Arthur J ; Kwok, Wai Kwong ; Chung, Duck Young ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Two-dimensional mineral [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2] : High-mobility charge carriers in single-atom-thick layers. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 137, No. 6. pp. 2311-2317.
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