Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions

Hideaki Shirota, Ed Castner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have investigated the ultrafast dynamics of aqueous polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solutions by means of femtosecond optical Kerr effect spectroscopy. To understand the unique nature of the ultrafast dynamics of polymer solutions, the ultrafast dynamics of aqueous 1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (EP) solutions has also been measured as a control experiment. Aqueous PVP solutions show a strongly underdamped Kerr transient, but aqueous EP solutions shows a weakly underdamped Kerr transient. From the low frequency Kerr spectra obtained by the Fourier transform analysis, the strongly underdamped dynamics of aqueous PVP solutions compared with aqueous EP solutions is due to the suppression of the low frequency intermolecular motions (<50 cm -1).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Preprints, Japan
Pages3247-3248
Number of pages2
Volume54
Edition2
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Event54th SPSJ Symposium on Macromolecules - Yamagata, Japan
Duration: Sep 20 2005Sep 22 2005

Other

Other54th SPSJ Symposium on Macromolecules
CountryJapan
CityYamagata
Period9/20/059/22/05

Fingerprint

Optical Kerr effect
Polymer solutions
Fourier transforms
Spectroscopy
Experiments

Keywords

  • Femtosecond OKE spectroscopy
  • Polymer solutions
  • Polyvinylpyrrolidone
  • Ultrafast dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Shirota, H., & Castner, E. (2005). Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions. In Polymer Preprints, Japan (2 ed., Vol. 54, pp. 3247-3248)

Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions. / Shirota, Hideaki; Castner, Ed.

Polymer Preprints, Japan. Vol. 54 2. ed. 2005. p. 3247-3248.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Shirota, H & Castner, E 2005, Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions. in Polymer Preprints, Japan. 2 edn, vol. 54, pp. 3247-3248, 54th SPSJ Symposium on Macromolecules, Yamagata, Japan, 9/20/05.
Shirota H, Castner E. Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions. In Polymer Preprints, Japan. 2 ed. Vol. 54. 2005. p. 3247-3248
Shirota, Hideaki ; Castner, Ed. / Ultrafast dynamics of polyvinylpyrrolidone solutions. Polymer Preprints, Japan. Vol. 54 2. ed. 2005. pp. 3247-3248
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