Ultrafast room temperature synthesis of GrO@HKUST-1 composites with high CO2 adsorption capacity and CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity

Feng Xu, Ying Yu, Jian Yan, Qibin Xia, Haihui Wang, Jing Li, Zhong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An ultrafast synthesis method is developed for the preparation of composites of graphite oxide and HKUST-1, GrO@HKUST-1. Fast synthesis of GrO@HKUST-1 composites can be quickly achieved at room temperature within 1 min. The synthesized composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, N2 adsorption, FTIR and TGA. The isotherms of CO2 and N2 on the as-synthesized materials were measured and the isosteric heats of CO2 adsorption were estimated. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivities were predicted by means of ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). Results show that the GrO@HKUST-1 composites have higher BET surface area and pore volume than the parent HKUST-1. The CO2 adsorption capacity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 (2% of GrO) is up to 9.02 mmol/g at 1 bar and 273 K, giving an increase of 32% in comparison of the parent HKUST-1. The isosteric heat of CO2 adsorption on 2GrO@HKUST-1 is slightly higher than that of HKUST-1, suggesting the stronger interaction between CO2 molecules and 2GrO@HKUST-1. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is significantly enhanced over pristine HKUST-1. At 1 bar, the CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is up to 186, while that of parent HKUST-1 is only 103. This rapid room temperature synthesis route is promising for new MOF-based composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume303
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

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adsorption
Adsorption
Composite materials
temperature
Temperature
bis(1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate)tricopper(II)
graphite
Isotherms
isotherm
Graphite
surface area
scanning electron microscopy
X-ray diffraction
oxide
Scanning electron microscopy
Molecules
Oxides
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • CO/N separation
  • Fast synthesis
  • Graphite oxide
  • GrO@HKUST-1 composite
  • HKUST-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Ultrafast room temperature synthesis of GrO@HKUST-1 composites with high CO2 adsorption capacity and CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity. / Xu, Feng; Yu, Ying; Yan, Jian; Xia, Qibin; Wang, Haihui; Li, Jing; Li, Zhong.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 303, 01.11.2016, p. 231-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - An ultrafast synthesis method is developed for the preparation of composites of graphite oxide and HKUST-1, GrO@HKUST-1. Fast synthesis of GrO@HKUST-1 composites can be quickly achieved at room temperature within 1 min. The synthesized composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, N2 adsorption, FTIR and TGA. The isotherms of CO2 and N2 on the as-synthesized materials were measured and the isosteric heats of CO2 adsorption were estimated. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivities were predicted by means of ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). Results show that the GrO@HKUST-1 composites have higher BET surface area and pore volume than the parent HKUST-1. The CO2 adsorption capacity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 (2% of GrO) is up to 9.02 mmol/g at 1 bar and 273 K, giving an increase of 32% in comparison of the parent HKUST-1. The isosteric heat of CO2 adsorption on 2GrO@HKUST-1 is slightly higher than that of HKUST-1, suggesting the stronger interaction between CO2 molecules and 2GrO@HKUST-1. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is significantly enhanced over pristine HKUST-1. At 1 bar, the CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is up to 186, while that of parent HKUST-1 is only 103. This rapid room temperature synthesis route is promising for new MOF-based composites.

AB - An ultrafast synthesis method is developed for the preparation of composites of graphite oxide and HKUST-1, GrO@HKUST-1. Fast synthesis of GrO@HKUST-1 composites can be quickly achieved at room temperature within 1 min. The synthesized composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, N2 adsorption, FTIR and TGA. The isotherms of CO2 and N2 on the as-synthesized materials were measured and the isosteric heats of CO2 adsorption were estimated. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivities were predicted by means of ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). Results show that the GrO@HKUST-1 composites have higher BET surface area and pore volume than the parent HKUST-1. The CO2 adsorption capacity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 (2% of GrO) is up to 9.02 mmol/g at 1 bar and 273 K, giving an increase of 32% in comparison of the parent HKUST-1. The isosteric heat of CO2 adsorption on 2GrO@HKUST-1 is slightly higher than that of HKUST-1, suggesting the stronger interaction between CO2 molecules and 2GrO@HKUST-1. The CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is significantly enhanced over pristine HKUST-1. At 1 bar, the CO2/N2 adsorption selectivity of 2GrO@HKUST-1 is up to 186, while that of parent HKUST-1 is only 103. This rapid room temperature synthesis route is promising for new MOF-based composites.

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