Rationale: Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) negatively regulates endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase-derived NO production, and this has been mapped to several residues on Cav-1, including F92. Herein, we reasoned that endothelial expression of an F92ACav-1 transgene would let us decipher the mechanisms and relationships between caveolae structure and intracellular signaling. Objective: This study was designed to separate caveolae formation from its downstream signaling effects. Methods and Results: An endothelial-specific doxycycline-regulated mouse model for the expression of Cav-1-F92A was developed. Blood pressure by telemetry and nitric oxide bioavailability by electron paramagnetic resonance and phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein were determined. Caveolae integrity in the presence of Cav-1-F92A was measured by stabilization of caveolin-2, sucrose gradient, and electron microscopy. Histological analysis of heart and lung, echocardiography, and signaling were performed. Conclusions: This study shows that mutant Cav-1-F92A forms caveolae structures similar to WT but leads to increases in NO bioavailability in vivo, thereby demonstrating that caveolae formation and downstream signaling events occur through independent mechanisms.
- cell endothelial cell
- nitric oxide
- vascular function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine