Unprecedented catalytic hydrogenation of urea derivatives to amines and methanol

Ekambaram Balaraman, Yehoshoa Ben-David, David Milstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)


Indirect CO 2 hydrogenation: Hydrogenation of urea derivatives to the corresponding amines and methanol is reported (see picture). The reaction is catalyzed by a bipyridine-based tridentate PNN Ru(II) pincer complex and proceeds under mild, neutral conditions using 13.6 atm of H 2. A mild approach is offered for the indirect hydrogenation of CO 2 to methanol as urea derivatives are available from CO 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11702-11705
Number of pages4
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2011


  • catalysis
  • hydrogenation
  • methanol
  • pincer complexes
  • urea derivatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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