Unraveling the Hydrogenation of TiO2 and Graphene Oxide/TiO2 Composites in Real Time by in Situ Synchrotron X-ray Powder Diffraction and Pair Distribution Function Analysis

Thuy Duong Nguyen-Phan, Zongyuan Liu, Si Luo, Andrew D. Gamalski, Dimitry Vovchok, Wenqian Xu, Eric A. Stach, Dmitry Polyansky, Etsuko Fujita, José A. Rodriguez, Sanjaya D. Senanayake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene by TiO2 and other metal oxides has attracted considerable attention due to numerous promising applications in catalysis, energy conversion, and storage. Hydrogenation of this class of materials has been proposed as a promising way to tune catalytic properties by altering the structural and chemical transformations that occur upon H incorporation. Herein, we investigate the structural changes that occur during the hydrogenation process using in situ powder X-ray diffraction and pair distribution function analysis of GO-TiO2 and TiO2 under H2 reduction. Sequential Rietveld refinement was employed to gain insight into the evolution of crystal growth of TiO2 nanoparticles in the presence of two-dimensional (2D) GO nanosheets. GO sheets not only significantly retarded the nucleation and growth of rutile impurities, stabilizing the anatase structure, but was also partially reduced to hydrogenated graphene by the introduction of atomic hydrogen into the honeycomb lattice. We discuss the hydrogenation processes and the resulting composite structure that occurs during the incorporation of atomic H and the dynamic structural transformations that leads to a highly active photocatalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3472-3482
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 18 2016

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Graphite
Synchrotrons
X ray powder diffraction
Oxides
Graphene
Hydrogenation
hydrogenation
Distribution functions
graphene
synchrotrons
distribution functions
composite materials
oxides
Composite materials
diffraction
x rays
Rietveld refinement
dynamic structural analysis
Nanosheets
Structural dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Unraveling the Hydrogenation of TiO2 and Graphene Oxide/TiO2 Composites in Real Time by in Situ Synchrotron X-ray Powder Diffraction and Pair Distribution Function Analysis. / Nguyen-Phan, Thuy Duong; Liu, Zongyuan; Luo, Si; Gamalski, Andrew D.; Vovchok, Dimitry; Xu, Wenqian; Stach, Eric A.; Polyansky, Dmitry; Fujita, Etsuko; Rodriguez, José A.; Senanayake, Sanjaya D.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, No. 6, 18.02.2016, p. 3472-3482.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nguyen-Phan, Thuy Duong ; Liu, Zongyuan ; Luo, Si ; Gamalski, Andrew D. ; Vovchok, Dimitry ; Xu, Wenqian ; Stach, Eric A. ; Polyansky, Dmitry ; Fujita, Etsuko ; Rodriguez, José A. ; Senanayake, Sanjaya D. / Unraveling the Hydrogenation of TiO2 and Graphene Oxide/TiO2 Composites in Real Time by in Situ Synchrotron X-ray Powder Diffraction and Pair Distribution Function Analysis. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2016 ; Vol. 120, No. 6. pp. 3472-3482.
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