Utilizing carbon nanotube electrodes to improve charge injection and transport in bis(trifluoromethyl)-dimethyl-rubrene ambipolar single crystal transistors

Wei Xie, Pradyumna L. Prabhumirashi, Yasuo Nakayama, Kathryn A. McGarry, Michael L. Geier, Yuki Uragami, Kazuhiko Mase, Christopher J. Douglas, Hisao Ishii, Mark C. Hersam, C. Daniel Frisbie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have examined the significant enhancement of ambipolar charge injection and transport properties of bottom-contact single crystal field-effect transistors (SC-FETs) based on a new rubrene derivative, bis(trifluoromethyl)- dimethyl-rubrene (fm-rubrene), by employing carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes. The fundamental challenge associated with fm-rubrene crystals is their deep-lying HOMO and LUMO energy levels, resulting in inefficient hole injection and suboptimal electron injection from conventional Au electrodes due to large Schottky barriers. Applying thin layers of CNT network at the charge injection interface of fm-rubrene crystals substantially reduces the contact resistance for both holes and electrons; consequently, benchmark ambipolar mobilities have been achieved, reaching 4.8 cm2 V-1 s-1 for hole transport and 4.2 cm2 V-1 s-1 for electron transport. We find that such improved injection efficiency in fm-rubrene is beneficial for ultimately unveiling its intrinsic charge transport properties so as to exceed those of its parent molecule, rubrene, in the current device architecture. Our studies suggest that CNT electrodes may provide a universal approach to ameliorate the charge injection obstacles in organic electronic devices regardless of charge carrier type, likely due to the electric field enhancement along the nanotube located at the crystal/electrode interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10245-10256
Number of pages12
JournalACS nano
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2013

Keywords

  • CNT
  • Schottky barrier
  • ambipolar transport
  • charge injection
  • rubrene derivative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Xie, W., Prabhumirashi, P. L., Nakayama, Y., McGarry, K. A., Geier, M. L., Uragami, Y., Mase, K., Douglas, C. J., Ishii, H., Hersam, M. C., & Frisbie, C. D. (2013). Utilizing carbon nanotube electrodes to improve charge injection and transport in bis(trifluoromethyl)-dimethyl-rubrene ambipolar single crystal transistors. ACS nano, 7(11), 10245-10256. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn4045694