Vapor permeation studies of membranes made from molecular squares

Kenneth F. Czaplewski, Jialiang Li, Joseph T. Hupp, Randall Q. Snurr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thin-film membranes have been made from cavity-containing supramolecular building blocks known as molecular squares and evaluated for simple test separations. Permeation properties of single components and binary gas mixtures were measured through membranes made of several different molecular squares. For a small square with pyrazine edges, permeation increased in the order cyclohexane<benzene<toluene, consistent with the selectivities predicted from the sorption coefficients. Diffusion rates also play an important role in the permeation selectivity. For a larger square with porphyrin edges, mixture selectivities for 4-picoline over toluene were observed to be around 7-9, depending on the partial pressure. Functionalization of the interior of the porpyrin square allowed a mixture selectivity of 7 for benzene over cyclohexane. Independently measured adsorption isotherms and effective diffusion coefficients proved very helpful in understanding the effects of sorption and diffusion on the observed permeabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-111
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume221
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2003

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Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Gas and vapor permeation
  • Membrane preparation and structure
  • Microporous and porous membranes
  • Novel materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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