Complexes of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), with various alkali metal salts are known to exhibit ionic conductivities which exceed 10-5(Ωcm)-1 at moderate temperatures. We have employed IR and Raman spectroseopy to study well characterized samples of the following polymer-salt complexes: PEO·NaBr, PEO·NaI, PEO·NaSCN, PEO·NaBF4, PEO·NaCF3SO3, PEO·KSCN, PEO·RbSCN and PEO·CsSCN. Cation-dependent vibrational bands observed in the far IR and M-On symmetric stretching bands observed in the Raman support a cation-oxygen atom interaction, and indicate the polyether chain may wrap around the cations. In particular, NaX and KX complexes of PEO are believed to have a helical configuration for the polymer which differs from that of pure PEO. Some general rules are presented for polymer-salt complex formation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics