Visible Light-Driven Artificial Molecular Switch Actuated by Radical-Radical and Donor-Acceptor Interactions

Junling Sun, Yilei Wu, Zhichang Liu, Dennis Cao, Yuping Wang, Chuyang Cheng, Dongyang Chen, Michael R Wasielewski, J. Fraser Stoddart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We describe a visible light-driven switchable [2]catenane, composed of a Ru(bpy)32+ tethered cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) ring that is interlocked mechanically with a macrocyclic polyether consisting of electron-rich 1,5-dioxynaphthalene (DNP) and electron-deficient 4,4′-bipyridinium (BIPY2+) units. In the oxidized state, the CBPQT4+ ring encircles the DNP recognition site as a consequence of favorable donor-acceptor interactions. In the presence of an excess of triethanolamine (TEOA), visible light irradiation reduces the BIPY2+ units to BIPY(•+) radical cations under the influence of the photosensitizer Ru(bpy)32+, resulting in the movement of the CBPQT2(•+) ring from the DNP to the BIPY(•+) recognition site as a consequence of the formation of the more energetically favorable trisradical complex, BIPY(•+) CBPQT2(•+). Upon introducing O2 in the dark, the BIPY(•+) radical cations are oxidized back to BIPY2+ dications, leading to the reinstatement of the CBPQT4+ ring encircled around the DNP recognition site. Employing this strategy of redox control, we have demonstrated a prototypical molecular switch that can be manipulated photochemically and chemically by sequential reduction and oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6317-6325
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume119
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 18 2015

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Cations
switches
Switches
Paraquat
Photosensitizing Agents
Electrons
Polyethers
rings
Irradiation
interactions
cations
Oxidation
electrons
oxidation
irradiation
Oxidation-Reduction
triethanolamine
catenane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Visible Light-Driven Artificial Molecular Switch Actuated by Radical-Radical and Donor-Acceptor Interactions. / Sun, Junling; Wu, Yilei; Liu, Zhichang; Cao, Dennis; Wang, Yuping; Cheng, Chuyang; Chen, Dongyang; Wasielewski, Michael R; Stoddart, J. Fraser.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 119, No. 24, 18.06.2015, p. 6317-6325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sun, Junling ; Wu, Yilei ; Liu, Zhichang ; Cao, Dennis ; Wang, Yuping ; Cheng, Chuyang ; Chen, Dongyang ; Wasielewski, Michael R ; Stoddart, J. Fraser. / Visible Light-Driven Artificial Molecular Switch Actuated by Radical-Radical and Donor-Acceptor Interactions. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2015 ; Vol. 119, No. 24. pp. 6317-6325.
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