Water-induced relaxation of the vitreous silica surface

B. P. Feuston, Steve Garofalini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The formation of a vitreous silica surface in the presence of water vapor is investigated through the molecular dynamics simulation technique. Three-body potentials are employed to describe the interatomic interactions. The structure of the reconstructed surface is analyzed with respect to the concentration and type of defects. Comparison between surfaces created in the presence of water and those created in a vacuum indicate that H2O-surface reactions substantially reduce the number of topological (two-, three-, and four-membered rings) and bonding defects (under- and overcoordinated species) incurred during the relaxation process. Due to the dissociation of water molecules, the wet surface contains excess oxygen with a concentration of 3.1±0.6 silanols per 100 Å2, involving approximately 13% geminal sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4830-4836
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume68
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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silicon dioxide
water
defects
surface reactions
water vapor
dissociation
molecular dynamics
vacuum
rings
oxygen
molecules
simulation
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Water-induced relaxation of the vitreous silica surface. / Feuston, B. P.; Garofalini, Steve.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 68, No. 9, 1990, p. 4830-4836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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