Wiring up Liquid Metal

Stable and Robust Electrical Contacts Enabled by Printable Graphene Inks

Ethan B. Secor, Alexander B. Cook, Christopher E. Tabor, Mark C Hersam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gallium-based liquid metal alloys (GaLMAs) are a unique class of advanced materials with the potential to offer unprecedented opportunities in stretchable and reconfigurable electronics. Despite their promise, the development of liquid metal electronics must overcome several challenges for widespread application. In particular, stable electrical contacts have been identified as a critical challenge for the integration of GaLMAs in electronic circuits and systems. Since gallium alloys rapidly with most metals, GaLMAs lead to unstable or mechanically sensitive interfaces when combined with metal electrodes or interconnects, thereby preventing the reliable integration of eutectic gallium-indium (eGaIn) functionality with conventional electronics. Here, printed graphene is demonstrated as a reliable and high-performance interfacial layer to enable electrical connections to eGaIn. A thin film (≈100 nm) of graphene printed between conventional silver leads and eGaIn acts as a physical barrier, effectively passivating the surface against alloying while retaining the ability to conduct current across the interface. Moreover, graphene interfacial contacts offer excellent durability, with thermal stability to 300 °C, robust tolerance to mechanical bending, and chemical inertness. By leveraging this unique strategy to stabilize liquid metal contacts, a reconfigurable liquid metal electrical switch is fabricated with significantly improved longevity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700483
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Gallium
Graphite
Electric wiring
Liquid metals
Ink
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Graphene
Indium
Eutectics
Electronic equipment
Gallium alloys
Metals
Lead alloys
Alloying
Silver
Durability
Thermodynamic stability
Switches
Thin films
Electrodes

Keywords

  • conductive inks
  • eGaIn
  • printed electronics
  • reconfigurable circuits
  • stretchable electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Wiring up Liquid Metal : Stable and Robust Electrical Contacts Enabled by Printable Graphene Inks. / Secor, Ethan B.; Cook, Alexander B.; Tabor, Christopher E.; Hersam, Mark C.

In: Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1700483, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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