X-shaped electro-optic chromophore with remarkably blue-shifted optical absorption. Synthesis, characterization, linear/nonlinear optical properties, self-assembly, and thin film microstructural characteristics

Hu Kang, Guennadi Evmenenko, Pulak Dutta, Koen Clays, Kai Song, Tobin J. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)


A novel type of "X-shaped" two-dimensional electro-optic (EO) chromophore with extended conjugation has been synthesized and characterized. This chromophore is found to exhibit a remarkably blue-shifted optical maximum (357 nm in CH2Cl2) while maintaining a very large first hyperpolarizability (β). Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering (HRS) measurements at 800 nm provide a βzzz value of 1840 × 10-30 esu. Self-assembled thin films of this chromophore were fabricated via a layer-by-layer chemisorptive siloxane-based approach. The chromophoric multilayers have been characterized by transmission optical spectroscopy, advancing contact angle measurements, synchrotron X-ray reflectivity, atomic force microscopy, and angle-dependent polarized second harmonic generation spectroscopy. The self-assembled chromophoric films exhibit a dramatically blue-shifted optical maximum (325 nm) while maintaining a large EO response (χ(2)333 ∼ 232 pm/V at 1064 nm; r33 ∼ 45 pm/V at 1310 nm). This work demonstrates an attractive approach to developing EO materials offering improved nonlinearity-transparency trade-offs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6194-6205
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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